Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Radiography: tibia / fibula

Contributor(s): Fraser McConnell, Elisabetta Mancinelli

Introduction

  • A high definition film-screen combination is required.
  • A grid is not required.
  • Both the stifle and hock should be included.
  • General anesthesia or sedation is required.
  • The film should be correctly exposed and developed, and free from movement blur and artefact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.
  • The fibula is present in all exotic mammals. In the rabbit it is fused to the tibia. 
Print off the Owner factsheet X-ray and Ultrasound to give to your clients

Uses

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Reese S & Hein J (2011) Radioanatomy. Skeletal System. In: Diagnostic Imaging of Exotic Pets. Eds: Krautwald-Junghanns ME, Pees M, Reese S & Tully T. Schlϋtersche, Germany. pp 158-167.
  • Capello V, Lennox A M & Widmer W R (2008) The Basics of Radiology. In: Clinical Radiology of Exotic Companion Mammals. Wiley-Blackwell, USA. pp 2-51.
  • Rubel G A, Isenbugel E & Wolvekamp P (1991) Eds. Atlas of Diagnostic Radiology of Exotic Pets. W B Saunders Ltd, USA.


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