ISSN 2398-2969      

Radiography: tarsus and hindfoot

Clapis

Introduction

  • A high definition film-screen combination is required.
  • A grid is not required.
  • kV should not exceed about 50.
  • Soft tissues should be included.
  • A radiograph including both limbs is useful for comparison.
  • General anesthesia or sedation is generally recommended.
  • The film should be correctly exposed and developed, and free from movement blur and artefact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.
    Print off the Owner factsheet Xrays and ultrasound to give to your clients.

Uses

  • Fracture Limb fracture  .
  • Dislocation  .
  • Tarsal valgus/varus but full length tibia/fibula views including the tarsus may be preferable.
  • Investigation of joint effusion/swelling.
  • Degenerative joint disease.
  • Neoplasia: bony, or soft tissue invading bone.
  • Septic arthritis  .

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Capello V, Lennox A M & Widmer W R (2008) Clinical radiology of exotic companion mammals. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 528.
  • Rubel G A, Isenbugel E & Wolvekamp P (1991) Eds Atlas of diagnostic radiology of exotic pets. W B Saunders Ltd, Philadelphia.

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