Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Radiography: stifle

Contributor(s): Fraser McConnell, David Perpinan

Introduction

  • Digital radiography or conventional radiography using mammography films provide better definition.
  • The contralateral stifle should be included for comparison.
  • The soft tissues surrounding the joint should be included.
  • General anesthesia or heavy sedation is commonly required, particularly if a fracture is present. Alternatively, calm rabbits may allow positioning just covering its eyes, dimming the lights and using sandbags and tape.
  • The film should be correctly exposed and developed, and free from movement blur and artifact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.
    Print off the Owner factsheet on Xray and ultrasound  to give to your clients.

Uses

  • Joint effusion, luxation or soft tissue swelling.
  • Degenerative articular changes.
  • Fracture Limb fracture (distal femur, proximal tibia, patella) .
  • Neoplastic bone disease .

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Referred papers

Other sources of information

  • Capello V, Lennox A M & Widmer W R (2008) Clinical Radiology of Exotic Companion Mammals. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 528.
  • Rubel G A, Isenbugel E & Wolvekamp P (eds) (1991) Atlas of Diagnostic Radiology of Exotic Pets. W B Saunders Ltd, Philadelphia.


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