Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Radiography: pelvis

Contributor(s): Lesa Thompson, Fraser McConnell

Introduction

  • Attention to detail in radiographing the pelvis is important, as high standards of positioning are vital for accurate radiological assessment.
  • A good supply of the appropriate positioning aids is needed.
  • It is particularly important that the patient is highly compliant; GA or heavy sedation with analgesia is usually required.
  • The image should include the whole pelvis, the proximal femora, and the soft tissues surrounding the femora, as any muscle wastage should be noted.
  • The film should be checked for correct positioning, exposure and processing and should be free from movement blur and artifact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.

Print off the Owner factsheetXrays and ultrasound - why they help my vet  Xray and Ultrasound  to give to your clients.

  • Advanced 3D modeling techniques have been used to describe sexual differences in pelvic parameters - this information may be of use when interpreting 2D images.

Uses

  • Fractures of the pelvis.
  • Fractures   Limb fracture  of the proximal femur   Femur: fracture 01 - VD radiograph  .
  • Dislocation of the coxofemoral joint.
  • Neoplastic disease.
  • Hip dysplasia.
  • Investigation of hindlimb lameness.
  • Follow-up to assess progression of healing or disease.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.

Disadvantages

  • Radiography provides 2D images only. Some cases may benefit from 3D imaging.
  • Other imaging modalities such at CT or MRI may be necessary to further evaluate some patients.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references fromPubMedandVetMedResource.
  • Özkadif S, Eken E & Kalayc1 0 (2014)A three-dimensional reconstructive study of pelvic cavity in the New Zealand rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Sci World J. doi: 10.1155/2014/489854PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Jekl V (2013)Principles of Radiography.In:Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. BSAVA, Gloucester. pp 39-58.
  • Rubel G A, Isenbugel E & Wolvekamp P (eds) (1991)Atlas of Diagnostic Radiology of Exotic Pets.W B Saunders Ltd, Philadelphia.


ADDED