Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Radiography: humerus

Contributor(s): Fraser McConnell

Introduction

  • A high definition film-screen combination is required.
  • A grid is not required.
  • kV should not exceed about 50.
  • Both joints should always be included (shoulder and elbow).
  • Soft tissues should be included.
  • A radiograph including both limbs is useful for comparison.
  • General anesthesia or heavy sedation is generally required.
  • The film should be correctly exposed and developed, and free from movement blur and artifact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.
    Print off the Owner factsheet on Xray and Ultrasound to give to your clients.

Uses

  • Fracture Limb fracture: humeral fractures in rabbits are less common when compared to fractures of the antebrachium or the hindlimb.
  • Other bony conditions, eg metabolic bone disease.
  • Neoplastic bone disease.
  • Soft tissue neoplasia invading bone .

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straightforward.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Capello V, Lennox A M & Widmer W R (2008) Clinical Radiology of Exotic Companion Mammals. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 528.
  • Rubel G A, Isenbugel E & Wolvekamp P (1991) Eds Atlas of diagnostic radiology of exotic pets. W B Saunders Ltd, Philadelphia.


ADDED