Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Radiography: femur

Contributor(s): Fraser McConnell, David Perpinan

Introduction

  • Digital radiography or conventional radiography using mammography films provide better definition.
  • Joints at both ends of bone should always be included (stifle and hip).
  • For the investigation of lameness, it is better to radiograph the whole leg, from hip to toes. However, it is advisable to do it using two different films, one for pelvis and femur and the other one for tibia and foot.
  • Soft tissues should be included.
  • General anesthesia or heavy sedation is commonly required, particularly if a fracture is present. Alternatively, calm rabbits may allow positioning to cover its eyes, dimming the lights and using sandbags and tape.
  • The film should be correctly exposed and developed, and free from movement blur and artifact.
  • The anatomical marker must be clearly visible, along with the patient's identification, the date, and the name of the hospital or practice.
    Print off the Owner factsheet on Xray and ultrasound to give to your clients.

Uses

  • Fracture Limb fractureFemur: fracture comminuted 03 - VD radiograph.
  • Other bony conditions (luxations, osteomyelitis, metabolic bone diseases, hip dysplasia) .
  • Neoplastic bone disease.
  • Soft tissue neoplasia invading bone.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive.
  • Straight forward.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Capello V, Lennox A M, Widmer W R (2008) Clinical Radiology of Exotic Companion Mammals. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 528.
  • Rubel G A, Isenbugel E & Wolvekamp P (1991) Atlas of Diagnostic Radiology of Exotic Pets. W B Saunders Ltd, Philadelphia.


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