Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Radiography: dental

Contributor(s): Richard Saunders, Simon Girling, Susanna Penman, Elisabetta Mancinelli

Introduction

  • Essential for adequate evaluation of teeth and surrounding structures.
  • Essential for diagnosis, treatment plan and prognosis.
  • Essential to plan surgery (most adequate technique and approach).
  • Patient positioning is critical to obtain diagnostic radiographs.
  • Multiple views are essential for adequate assessment.
  • Review of radiographic anatomy is mandatory for proper image interpretation.
  • Adequate nomenclature is mandatory for proper image interpretation.

Uses

Advantages

  • Small oral opening aperture makes oral cavity difficult to examine visually so radiography is essential, particularly for assessment below the gum line.
  • Rabbit will already be sedated/anesthetized for thorough oral examination Dental examination so easy to take radiographs at same time.
  • Essential to assess tooth reserve crowns and apices, bone density, tooth distortion, malocclusion, abscesses, osteomyelitis in order to make adequate treatment plan and prognosis.

Disadvantages

  • Requires sedation Sedation or anesthesia Anesthesia: overview for adequate patient positioning and to avoid motion artifacts.
  • Superimposition of tissues in the area of interest over a single plane may hinder interpretation. Therefore, multiple views are necessary to partially overcome this limitation intrinsic to conventional radiography.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Capello V (2016) Diagnostic imaging of dental disease in pet rabbits and rodents. Vet Clin Ex Anim Prac 19 (3), 757-782 PubMed.
  • Donnelly T M & Vella D (2016) Anatomy, physiology and non-dental disorders of the mouth of pet rabbits. Vet Clin Ex Anim Prac 19 (3), 737-756 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits 1. Normal dentition, pathogenesis and aetiology. In Pract 31 (8), 370-379 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits 2. Diagnosis and treatment. In Pract 31 (9), 442-445 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits 3. Jaw abscesses. In Pract 31 (10), 496-505 VetMedResource.
  • Meredith A (2007) Rabbit dentistry. European J Companion Anim Pract 17 (1), 55-62 MediRabbit.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1998) Pet rabbits. Part 4. Looking after their teeth. Veterinary Practice Nurse Winter, 4-8.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1997) Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of dental disease in pet rabbits. In Pract 19 (8), 407-421 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1996) Calcium deficiency, diet and dental disease in pet rabbits. Vet Rec 139 (23), 567-571 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1995) A review of clinical conditions in pet rabbits associated with their teeth. Vet Rec 137 (14), 341-346 PubMed.
  • Gibbs C & Hinton M H (1981) Radiological examination of the rabbit. The head, thorax and vertebral column. JSAP 22 (11), 687-703 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Capello V & Lennox A M (2008) Clinical Radiology of Exotic Companion Mammals. Wiley-Blackwell, USA.
  • Girling S J (2002) Mammalian Anatomy and Diagnostic Imaging. In: Manual of Exotic Pets. 4th edn. Eds: Meredith A M & Redrobe S. BSAVA, UK.
  • Gorrel E C (1997) Humane Dentistry. JSAP 38, 31. (Letter)
  • Gorrel E C (1996) Teeth Trimming in Rabbits and Rodents. Vet Rec 139, 528. (Letter)
  • Crossley D A (1995) Dental Disease in Rabbits. Vet Rec 13, 384. (Letter)
  • Crossley & Penman (1995) Eds. Manual of Small Animal Dentistry. 2nd edn. BSAVA, UK.


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