Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Molar teeth: extraction

Contributor(s): Richard Saunders, Simon Girling, Susanna Penman, Anna Meredith

Introduction

  • Permanent treatment of individual maloccluding or diseased cheek teeth Dental malocclusion / overgrowth which either fail to respond to repeated attempts at correction, cannot be corrected due to severity of dental disease or are involved in abscessation.

Print off the Owner Factsheets on Caring for your rabbit before and after surgery and Feeding your rabbit to give to your clients.

Uses

  • Removal of loose teeth.
  • Removal of teeth that have deviated beyond repair so causing trauma to soft tissues and have no apparent useful function.
  • Removal of infected teeth involved in abscessation .

Advantages

  • Should not need to be repeated.
  • Prevents damage and discomfort secondary to malocclusion.
  • Loose crowns can sometimes be easily removed via the mouth.

Disadvantages

  • If tooth root apex not removed, tooth can regrow and technique will have to be repeated.
  • Requires patience and knowledge of normal anatomy of teeth and soft tissues.
  • May require extraoral technique (ventral mandibular or lateral buccotomy) as oral aperture is so small.
  • Iatrogenic jaw fracture can occur if bone is compromised.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits 1. Normal dentition, pathogenesis and aetiology. In Pract 31 (8), 370-379 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits 2. Diagnosis and treatment. In Pract 31 (9), 442-445 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2009) Dental disease in pet rabbits 3. Jaw abscesses. In Pract 31 (10), 496-505 VetMedResource.
  • Meredith A (2007) Rabbit dentistry. European J Comp Anim Pract 17 (1), 55-62 MediRabbit.
  • Verstraete F J & Osofsky A (2005) Dentistry in Pet Rabbits. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 27 (9), 671-684.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1998) Pet rabbits. Part 4. Looking after their teeth. Vet Pract Nurse Winter, 4-8.
  • Crossley D A (1997) Clinical aspects of lagomorph dental anatomy - the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). J Vet Dent 12 (4), 137-140 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1997) Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of dental disease in pet rabbits. In Pract 19 (8), 407-421 VetMedResource.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1996) Calcium deficiency, diet and dental disease in pet rabbits. Vet Rec 139 (23), 567-571 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1995) A review of clinical conditions in pet rabbits associated with their teeth. Vet Rec 137 (14), 341-346 PubMed.
  • Lobprise H B, Wiggs R B (1991) Dental and oral disease in lagomorphs. J Vet Dent (2), 11-17 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Easson W (2013) Tooth Extraction. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. pp 370-381. ISBN: 978-1-905-31941-0.
  • Capello V (2005) Dental Procedures. In: Rabbit and Rodent Dentistry Handbook. Zoological Education Network Inc. pp 229-236. ISBN: 0-9706395-1-1.


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