Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Cystocentesis

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Livia Benato, Virginia Garner-Richardson

Introduction

  • Percutaneous aspiration of urine from the bladder for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.

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Uses

  • Cystocentesis is a procedure performed in order to provide an optimal, uncontaminated sample of urine for culture and sensitivity studies.
  • The procedure occasionally forms part of stabilization techniques in animals with lower urinary tract obstruction, when emergency decompression of the bladder is required and a catheter cannot be passed.

Advantages

  • Cystocentesis is the method of choice of urine sample collection for culture and sensitivity since the occurrence of accidental contamination, and therefore spurious or false positive results, is minimized.

Disadvantages

  • When used in the overdistended bladder, cystocentesis may occasionally result in laceration of the bladder wall, therefore it should only be used as an emergency procedure when catheterization has failed.
  • Puncture of other abdominal organs can happen.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Kruger J Met al(1996)Cystocentesis. Diagnostic and therapeutic considerations.Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract26(2), 353-361.


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