ISSN 2398-2969      

Nitrous oxide

Clapis
Contributor(s):

Anna Meredith


Introduction

Name

  • Nitrous oxide.

Class of drug

  • Inhalational anesthetic.

Uses

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Indications

  • In general nitrous oxide isnot recommended in rabbitsas it has a low MAC (minimum alveolar concentration of anesthetic) and only reduces required concentration of volatile agents by a small percentage (0.25-0.5%).
  • Used with oxygen to carry volatile anesthetics for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia. At induction it accelerates the uptake of volatile anesthetics and speeds induction.
  • During maintenance it reduces the inspired concentration of volatile anesthetic required, lowering the adverse effects of the latter (minimal effect in rabbits).
  • Recovery is more rapid due to less volatile anesthetic being administered over a given time (minimal effect in rabbits).

Administration

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Pharmacokinetics

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Precautions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Adverse Reactions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.

Want more related items, why not
contact us

MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code