Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Benzalkonium chloride

Contributor(s): Ron Rees Davies

Introduction

Name

  • Benzalkonium chloride.

Class of drug

  • Dermatological cleansing agent.
  • Environmental disinfectant.

Description

Chemical name

  • Mixture of alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chlorides.

Molecular weight

  • Variable chain lengths

Physical properties

  • White or yellow/white amorphous powder or gelatinous substance.
  • Aromatic odor.
  • Very bitter taste.
  • Very water soluble.

Uses

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Indications

  • Skin disinfection pre-operatively.
  • Skin disinfection of wounds or burns.
  • Control of bacterial dermatitis.
  • Hutch and feeding/watering utensil disinfection.

Administration

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Precautions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Tennant B (1999) Small Animal Formulary. 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. ISBN 0 905214 52 8.

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