Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Vagina: prolapse

Contributor(s): Livia Benato, Brendan Carmel

Introduction

  • A rare condition of rabbits. 
  • The prolapsed tissue consists of the vestibulum of the vagina due to over-expanded blood sinuses.
  • Cause: precise cause uncertain - possible causes include:
    • Hormonal stimulation during periods of increased sexual activity.
    • Straining during gestation or dystocia.
    • Parturition.
    • Urinary tract infection/urolithiasis.
    • Trauma.
    • Mycotoxicosis. 
  • Signs: edematous vagina tissue visible at vulval orifice, dysuria, urine scald, lethargy, anorexia.
  • Diagnosis: physical examination, palpation.
  • Treatment: depends on extent of prolapsed tissue.
  • Prognosis: good to poor depending on time prolapsed and severity of prolapse.

Presenting signs

  • Edematous vaginal tissue protruding from vulva .
  • Dysuria and urine scalding present in some cases Moist dermatitis.
  • Lethargy.

Age predisposition

  • No specific age predisposition.

Breed predisposition

  • None determined.

Cost considerations

  • Mild cases detected early may be managed without excessive costs.
  • Severe cases may involve considerable costs, with intensive care and surgery (usually ovariohysterectomy Ovariohysterectomy) and supportive treatment required.

Special risks, eg anesthetic

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Capello V (2005) Surgical techniques for neutering the female pet rabbit. Exotic DVM 7 (5), 15-21.
  • Greenacre C et al (1999) Urinary bladder aversion in rabbit does. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 21 (6), 524-528.
  • Singh M, Singh M, Nigam J M (1998) Rupture of vagina in an Angora rabbit. Indian J Vet Surg 19 (2), 126 VetMedResource
  • Van Herck H, Hesp A P, Versluis A et al (1989) Prolapsus vaginae in the IIIVO/JU rabbit. Lab Animals 23 (4), 333-336 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Saunders R & Davies R (2005) Vaginal Prolapse. In: Notes on Rabbit Internal Medicine. pp 170.


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