Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Uterus: infection

Synonym(s): Uterine infection

Contributor(s): Anna Meredith, Livia Benato, Lesa Thompson

Introduction

  • Cause: commonly Pasteurella multocida and Staphylococcus aureus
  • Signs: enlarged abdomen, hematuria, vaginal discharge. 
  • Diagnosis: radiographic and ultrasonographic examination. 
  • Treatment: ovariohysterectomy. 
  • Prognosis: generally good if surgical treatment performed before onset of complications.

Presenting signs

Geographic incidence

  • Worldwide.

Age predisposition

  • Animals older than 3-4 years of age.
  • Higher incidence in breeding does.

Sex predisposition

  • Entire females.

Breed predisposition

  • All breeds.

Public health considerations

  • Generally, not a public health risk.

Cost considerations

  • Not too expensive.
  • Expenses are mainly due to diagnostic investigation, surgical treatment and supportive treatment. 

Special risks, eg anesthetic

Etiology

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Prognosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Mogheiseh A, Derakhshandeh A, Batebi E et al (2017) Co-relation of estrous cycle phases with uterine bacterial and fungal flora in non-pregnant female laboratory rabbits. Iran J Vet Research 18 (2), 128 PubMed.
  • Segura P, Martinez J, Peris B et al (2007) Staphylococcal infections in rabbit does on two industrial farms. Vet Rec 160 (25), 869-872 PubMed.
  • Peters M & Scheele G (1996) [Listeriosis in a rabbitry]. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr 103 (11), 460-462 PubMed.
  • Johnson J H & Wolf A M (1993) Ovarian abscesses and pyometra in a domestic rabbit. JAVMA 203 (5), 667-669 PubMed.
  • Schmidt S, Schrag D & Giese B (1986) [Ultrasonic diagnosis in gynaecology in small animals]. Tierarztl Prax 14 (1), 123-141 PubMed.
  • Flatt R E (1969) Pyometra and uterine adenocarcinoma in a rabbit. Lab Anim Care 19 (3), 398-401 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Barbara Oglesbee (2006) Pyometra and Nonneoplastic Endometrial Disorders. In: The 5-Minute Veterinary Consult: Ferret-Rabbit. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 336-337. 
  • Pare J A & Paul-Murphy J (2004) Disorders of the Reproductive and Urinary Systems. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. Eds: Quesenberry K E & Carpenter J W. 2nd edn. Saunders. pp 183-193.
  • Redrobe S (2000) Urogenital System and Disorders. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine and Surgery. Ed: Flecknell P. pp 47-55.


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