ISSN 2398-2969      

Teeth: dental disease - overview

Clapis

Introduction

  • Cause: generally multifactorial: diet, infection, trauma, genetic/breed predisposition.
  • Signs: weight loss, anorexia, tooth overgrowth (incisors, molar and premolars), facial abscess, epiphora, dacryocystitis, exophthalmos.
  • Diagnosis: oral examination, radiography, computed tomography.
  • Treatment: dental crown reduction, tooth extraction, correction of diet.
  • Prognosis: depends on the severity of the case.

Print off the Owner Factsheet on Dental disease to give to your client.

Presenting signs

Acute presentation

Geographic incidence

  • Worldwide.

Age predisposition

  • Primary malocclusion associated with breed or congenital abnormalities will be present in juveniles, but development of disease may take months to years.
  • Acquired dental disease (ADD) can take months or years to develop depending on causation.

Breed predisposition

  • Brachiform.

Cost considerations

  • Expensive due to the several routine dental treatments.

Special risks

  • Anesthetic.
  • Secondary infections.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Böhmer C & Böhmer E (2017) Shape variation in the craniomandibular system and prevalence of dental problems in domestic rabbits: A case study in evolutionary veterinary science. Vet Sci (1), 5 PMC.
  • Summa N M & Brandão J (2017) Evidence-based Advances an rabbit medicine. Vet Clin Exotic Anim Pract 20 (3), 749-771 SciDirect
  • Capello V & Cauduro A (2016) Comparison of diagnostic consistency and diagnostic accuracy between survey radiography and computed tomography of the skull in 30 rabbits with dental disease. J Exot Pet Med 25 (2), 115-127 SciDirect.
  • Meredith A, Prebble J & Shaw D (2015) Impact of diet on incisor growth and attrition and the development of dental disease in pet rabbits. J Small Anim Pract 56 (6), 377-382 PubMed.
  • Muller J, Clauss M, Codron D et al (2014) Growth and wear of incisor and cheek teeth in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) fed diets of different abrasiveness. J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol 321 (5), 283-298 PubMed.
  • Sasai H, Iwai H, Fujita D et al (2014) The use of micro-computed tomography in the diagnosis of dental and oral disease in rabbits. BMC Vet Res 10, 209 PubMed.
  • Jekl V & Redrobe S (2013) Rabbit dental disease and calcium metabolism–the science behind divided opinions. J Small Anim Pract 54 (9), 481-490 PubMed.
  • Böhmer E & Crossley D (2011) Objective interpretation of dental disease in rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas: use of anatomical reference lines. European J Comp Anim Pract 21 (1), 47-56 VetMedResource.
  • Van Caelenberg A, De Rycke L, Hermans K et al (2011) Comparison of radiography and CT to identify changes in the skulls of four rabbits with dental disease. J Vet Dent 28 (3), 172-181 PubMed.
  • Lord B (2011) Dental disease in the rabbit Part 4: Diagnosis and management of odontogenic abscesses. UK Vet: Companion Animal 16 (8), 42-44 VetMedResource.
  • Lord B (2011) Dental disease in the rabbit Part 3: Treatment and prognosis of dental disease. UK Vet: Companion Animal 16 (7), 46-49 VetMedResource.
  • Lord B (2011) Dental disease in the rabbit Part 2: Dental disease causes, clinical signs and diagnosis. UK Vet: Companion Animal 16 (6), 39-42 VetMedResource.
  • Lord B (2011) Dental disease in the rabbit Part 1: Normal dentition and diet. UK Vet: Companion Animal 16, 53-55 VetMedResource.
  • Brown C (2009) Incisor adjustment in rabbits. Lab Anim (NY) 38 (6), 193-194 PubMed.
  • Florin M, Rusanen E, Haessig M et al (2009) Clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of dacryocystitis in rabbits: a retrospective study of 28 cases (2003-2007). Vet Ophthalmol 12 (6), 350-356 PubMed.
  • Yoshikawa S, Nodai E, Habu M et al (2008) Influence of altered occlusal plane on rabbit temporomandibular joint cartilage. J Oral Pathol Med 37 (1), 30-37 PubMed.
  • Okuda A, Hori Y, Ichihara N et al (2007) Comparative observation of skeletal-dental abnormalities in wild, domestic, and laboratory rabbits. J Vet Dent 24 (4), 224-229 PubMed.
  • Legendre L F (2002) Malocclusions in guinea pigs, chinchillas and rabbits. Can Vet J 43 (5), 385-390 PubMed.
  • Steenkamp G & Crossley D A (1999) Incisor tooth regrowth in a rabbit following complete extraction. Vet Rec 145 (20), 585-586 PubMed.
  • Poikela A, Kantomaa T & Pirttiniemi P (1997) Craniofacial growth after a period of unilateral masticatory function in young rabbits. Eur J Oral Sci 105 (4), 331-337 PubMed.
  • Lobprise H B & Wiggs R B (1991) Dental and oral disease in Lagomorphs. J Vet Dent (2), 11-17 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Harcourt-Brown F (2013) Normal Rabbit Dentition and Pathogenesis of Dental Disease. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. pp 319 - 336. ISBN: 978-1-905-31941.
  • Oglesbee B (2006) Cheek Teeth (Molar and Premolar) Malocclusion and Elongation. In: The 5-Minute Veterinary Consult: Ferret-Rabbit. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 201-204. 
  • Capello V (2005) Rabbit and Rodent Dentistry Handbook. Zoological Education Network, Inc. pp 229-236. ISBN: 0-9706395-1-1.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) Dental Disease. In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth Heinemann. pp 165-205.

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