Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Splay leg

Synonym(s): Congenital hip dislocation

Contributor(s): Lesa Thompson, Brendan Carmel, Joanna Hedley, Lesa Longley

Overview

  • A general descriptive term referring to any developmental condition of rabbits resulting in the inability to adduct one or more limbs   Splay leg: severe  .
  • Cause: suspected autosomal recessive inherited condition; slippery flooring.
  • Signs: inability to adduct one or more limbs resulting in lateral deviation of affected limb(s).
  • Diagnosis: clinical examination, radiography, clinical pathology.
  • Treatment: correct underlying cause, amputation.
  • Prognosis: poor.

Causes

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Signs

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Differential diagnosis

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Diagnostics

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMedandVetMedResource.
  • Fallahi R (2014)Splay leg in a Dutch laboratory rabbit colony: detection methods and effective elimination procedure. Archives of Razi Institute69(2), 201-205VetMedResource.
  • Owiny J R et al(2001)Hip dysplasia in rabbits: association with nest box flooring. Comp Med51(1), 85-88PubMed.
  • Joosten H F P, Wirtz P, Verbeek H O F & Hoekstra A (1981)Splayleg: a spontaneous limb defect in rabbits. Genetics, gross anatomy and microscopy. Teratology24(1), 87-104PubMed.
  • Arendar G M & Milch R A (1966)Splay-leg a recessively inherited form of femoral neck anteversion, femoral shaft torsion and subluxation of the hip in the laboratory lop rabbit. Clin Ortho & Rel Res44, 221-229PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Keeble E (2014)Nervous System and Musculoskeletal Disorders.In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine.Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, Gloucester. ISBN: 9781905319497.
  • Varga M (2014)Neurological and Locomotor Disorders.In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine.2nd edn. Butterwoth Heinemann, Oxford. ISBN: 9780702049798.
  • Fisher P G & Carpenter J W (2012)Neurological and Musculoskeletal diseases.In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery.3rd edn. Elsevier, St. Louis. ISBN: 9781416066217.
  • Capello V (2006)Small Mammal Orthopedics.In: Proc BSAVA Congress. pp 209-211.
  • Saunders R A & Davies R R (2005)Notes on Rabbit Internal Medicine.Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. ISBN: 1405115149.
  • Harkness J E & Wagner J E (1989)The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents.3rd edn. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. ISBN: 0812111761.


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