Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Splay leg

Synonym(s): Congenital hip dislocation

Contributor(s): Lesa Thompson, Brendan Carmel, Joanna Hedley, Lesa Longley

Overview

  • A general descriptive term referring to any developmental condition of rabbits resulting in the inability to adduct one or more limbs   Splay leg: severe  .
  • Cause: suspected autosomal recessive inherited condition; slippery flooring.
  • Signs: inability to adduct one or more limbs resulting in lateral deviation of affected limb(s).
  • Diagnosis: clinical examination, radiography, clinical pathology.
  • Treatment: correct underlying cause, amputation.
  • Prognosis: poor.

Causes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Signs

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Differential diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Diagnostics

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fallahi R (2014) Splay leg in a Dutch laboratory rabbit colony: detection methods and effective elimination procedure. Archives of Razi Institute 69 (2), 201-205 VetMedResource.
  • Owiny J R, Vandewoude S, Painter J T et al (2001) Hip dysplasia in rabbits: association with nest box flooring. Comp Med 51 (1), 85-88 PubMed.
  • Joosten H F, Wirtz P, Verbeek H O et al (1981) Splayleg: a spontaneous limb defect in rabbits. Genetics, gross anatomy and microscopy. Teratology 24 (1), 87-104 PubMed.
  • Arendar G M & Milch R A (1966) Splay-leg--a recessively inherited form of femoral neck anteversion, femoral shaft torsion and subluxation of the hip in the laboratory lop rabbit: its possible relationship to factors involved in so-called "congenital dislocation" of the hip​. Clin Ortho & Rel Res 44, 221-229 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Keeble E (2014) Nervous System and Musculoskeletal Disorders. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, Gloucester. ISBN: 9781905319497.
  • Varga M (2014) Neurological and Locomotor Disorders. In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. 2nd edn. Butterwoth Heinemann, Oxford. ISBN: 9780702049798.
  • Fisher P G & Carpenter J W (2012) Neurological and Musculoskeletal diseases. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 3rd edn. Elsevier, St. Louis. ISBN: 9781416066217.
  • Capello V (2006) Small Mammal Orthopedics. In: Proc BSAVA Congress. pp 209-211.
  • Saunders R A & Davies R R (2005) Notes on Rabbit Internal Medicine. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. ISBN: 1405115149.
  • Harkness J E & Wagner J E (1989) The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents. 3rd edn. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. ISBN: 0812111761.


ADDED