Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Sebaceous adenitis

Contributor(s): Anna Meredith, Vetstream Ltd, Stephen White, Nathalie Wissink-Argilaga

Introduction

  • Exfoliative scaling skin disease is occasionally seen in the rabbit. It is usually non-pruritic unless a secondary pyoderma is present.
  • Cause: unknown; possible T-cell-driven autoimmune disease may be responsible.
  • Signs: non-pruritic scaling dermatoses, patchy alopecia and erythema.
  • Diagnosis: physical examination, histopathology, hematology, blood biochemistry, radiography.
  • Treatment: not known; possibly low dose retinoid treatment. Treat other health problems.
  • Prognosis: good with cyclosporin and triglyceride treatment.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Snook T S, White S D, Hawkins M G et al (2013) Skin diseases in pet rabbits: a retrospective study of 334 cases seen at the University of California at Davis, USA (1984-2004). Vet Derm 24 (6), 613-7, e148 PubMed.
  • Rostaher Prélaud A, Jassies-van der Lee A, Mueller R S et al (2012) Presumptive paraneoplastic exfoliative dermatitis in four domestic rabbits. Vet Rec 172 (6), 155 PubMed.
  • Jassies-van der Lee A, van Zeeland Y, Kik M et al (2009) Successful treatment of sebaceous adenitis in a rabbit with ciclosporin and triglycerides. Vet Derm 20 (1), 67-71 PubMed.
  • Scarff D (2008) Skin diseases of pet rabbits. UK Vet: Companion Animal 13 (2), 66-75 VetMedResource.
  • Florizoone K, van der Luer R, van der Ingh T (2007) Symmetrical alopecia, scaling and hepatitis in a rabbit. Vet Dermatol 18 (3), 161-164 PubMed.
  • Florizoone K (2005) Thymoma-associated exfoliative dermatitis in rabbit. Vet Dermatol 16 (4), 281-284 PubMed.
  • Bellangeon M, Theau V (2000) Sebaceous adenitis in a rabbit. Pratique médicale et chirurgicale des animaux de Compagnie (PMCAC) 35, 697-699 VetMedResource.
  • White S D, Linder K, Shultheiss P et al (2000) Sebaceous adenitis in four domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Vet Dermatol 11 (1), 53-61 WileyOnlineLibrary.
  • White S D, Rosychuk R A, Scott K V et al (1995) Sebaceous adenitits in dogs and results of treatment with isotretinoin and etretinate: 30 cases (1990-1994). JAVMA 207 (2), 197-200 PubMed.


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