Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Salmonellosis

Contributor(s): David Vella, Ron Rees Davies, Molly Varga

Introduction

  • Salmonellosis is rare in the rabbit, and usually takes the form of acute or peracute septicemic disease rather than primarily diarrhea.
  • CauseSalmonellaspp   Salmonella spp  .
  • Signs: diarrhea, depression, fever, abortion, death.
  • Diagnosis: bacteriology.
  • Treatment: fluid therapy, anti-endotoxic treatments, aggressive antibiosis.
  • Prognosis: poor when clinically affected.

Presenting signs

  • Depression.
  • Fever.
  • Abortions in pregnant does.
  • High mortality during an outbreak on an infected breeding unit.

Acute presentation

  • Sudden death is common, possibly with a short period of lethargy or some diarrhea.

Geographic incidence

  • Worldwide.

Sex predisposition

  • Females for abortion.

Public health considerations

  • Serious risk of zoonotic spread.

Potential for zoonotic infection.

  • Rabbit may have become infected as sentinel from another source, including potentially the human handlers.

Cost considerations

  • Treatment difficult.
  • Death of rabbits, often multiple deaths and abortions in an affected colony.

Pathogenesis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Sequelae

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Jenkins J R (1997)Gastrointestinal diseases.In: Ferrets, Rabbits & Rodents: Clinical Medicine & Surgery. Eds: Hillyer E V & Quesenberry K E. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 176-188.
  • Okerman L (1994)diseases of Domestic Rabbits.2nd edn. Blackwell, Oxford. pp 37-40, 102-103, 138.


ADDED