Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Respiratory: neoplasia

Contributor(s): Molly Varga, Anna Meredith

Introduction

  • Cause: primary or secondary neoplasia affecting tissues of the respiratory system.
  • Signs: variable depending on site: include nasal discharge, sneezing, epistaxis, dyspnea, anorexia and weight loss.
  • Diagnosis: clinical examination, radiography, endoscopy, cytology or histology of abnormal tissues.
  • Treatment: variable depending on neoplasia type: surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy.
  • Prognosis: guarded to poor.

Presenting signs

  • Dyspnea.
  • Sneezing.
  • Nasal discharge.
  • Epistaxis.
  • Anorexia.
  • Weight loss.

Acute presentation

  • Epistaxis.
  • Dyspnea.
  • Collapse.

Age predisposition

  • Most neoplastic disease is more common in aged rabbits (greater than 3 years).
  • Lymphoma/lymphosarcoma   Lymphosarcoma: overview   is most common neoplasia of juvenile rabbits.

Cost considerations

Special risks, eg anesthetic

  • Significant reduction in lung function possible, therefore poses significant increased anesthetic risk.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Heatley J J & Smith A N (2007) Spontaneous neoplasms of lagomorphs. Vet Clin Exot Anim (3), 561-577 PubMed.
  • Graham J E, Kent M S, Théon A (2004) Current therapies in exotic animal oncology. Vet Clin Exot Anim (3), 757-781 PubMed.
  • Kent M S (2004) The use of chemotherapy in exotic animals. Vet Clin Exot Anim (3), 807-820 PubMed.
  • Mehler S J & Bennett R A (2004) Surgical oncology of exotic animals. Vet Clin Exot Anim (3), 783-805 PubMed.


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