Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Pyometra

Synonym(s): Infected uterus, purulent endometritis, purulent metritis, pus in the womb

Contributor(s): Sharon Redrobe, Livia Benato, Susan Brown

Introduction

  • This condition may be associated with recent mating or parturition.

Print off the Owner factsheets Xray and UltrasoundNeutering - why and when, Uterine problems and Caring for your rabbit before and after surgery to give to your client.

Presentation

  • Hematuria.
  • Vaginal discharge.
  • Abdominal enlargement.
  • Depression.
  • Polydipsia and polyuria may be noted.
  • Increased aggression.
  • Clinical signs similar to pseudopregnancy   Pseudopregnancy  such as nest behavior.
  • In cases of mild severity it is possible that the rabbit doesn't present obvious clinical signs.

Acute

  • Depression.
  • Collapse.
  • Abdominal enlargement.
  • Shock.

Age predisposition

  • Highest incidence in rabbits older than 3-4 years.

Sex predisposition

  • Entire females.

Breed predisposition

  • All breeds.

Cost considerations

  • Surgical treatment.

Special risks, eg anesthetic

  • Septicemia.
  • Abdominal contamination in case of uterine breakdown.
  • Anesthesia.
  • Shock.

Mortality

  • Up to 100% without treatment.

Cause

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prognosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Richardson V (2012) Urogenital diseases in rabbits. In Pract 34 (10), 554-563 VetMedResource.
  • Walter B, Poth T, Böhmer E et al (2010) Uterine disorders in 59 rabbits. Vet Rec 166 (8), 230-233 PubMed.
  • Peters M, Scheele G (1996) [Listeriosis in a rabbitry.Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr​ 103 (11), 460-462 PubMed.
  • Hillyer E V (1994) Pet rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 24 (1), 25-65 PubMed.
  • Johnson J H & Wolf A M (1993) Ovarian abscesses and pyometra in a domestic rabbit. JAVMA 203 (5), 667-669 PubMed.
  • Hobbs B A, Parker R F (1990) Uterine torsion associated with either hydrometra or endometritis in two rabbits. Lab Anim Sci 40 (5), 535-536 PubMed.
  • Morrell J M (1989) Hydrometra in the rabbit. Vet Rec 125 (12), 325 PubMed.
  • Hofmann J R Jr., Hixson C J (1986) Amyloid A protein deposits in a rabbit with pyometra. JAVMA 189 (9), 1155-1156 PubMed.
  • Soave O A, Dominguez J, Doak R L (1977) Moraxella bovis-induced metritis and septicemia in a rabbit. JAVMA 171 (9), 972-973 PubMed.
  • Hawk W, Conley H H (1976) Intensification by glucocorticoids of induced acute leukocytic responses in the rabbit uterus. Am J Vet Res 37 (12), 1445-1448 PubMed.
  • Ershova A S (1968) [Treatment of rabbits in listerial metritis.Veterinariia 45 (10), 95-96 PubMed.
  • Rittenbach P (1966) [Contribution to experimental listeriosis in domestic and experimental animals. XI. Studies of experimentally produced metrogenic listeriosis in rabbits.Arch Exp Veterinarmed 20 (1), 49-83 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Oglesbee B L (2011) Pyometra and Non-Neoplastic Endometrial Disorders. In: Blackwell's Five Minute Consult: Small Mammal. 2nd edn. Wiley-Blackwell. pp 497-499. ISBN: 978-0813820187.
  • Virag G et al (2004) Characterization of Pasteurella multocida recovered from live rabbits at a small-scale farm previously manifesting deaths by phyothorax and pyometra. In:  Proc 8th World Rabbit Congress. pp 673-680. Website:http://world-rabbit-science.com/WRSA-Proceedings/Congress-2004-Puebla/Papers/Pathology/P-Virag.pdf.


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