ISSN 2398-2969      

Pregnancy toxemia

Clapis

Synonym(s): Metabolic toxemia of pregnancy


Introduction

  • Pregnancy toxemia is rare in rabbits.
  • It is usually seen in overweight does in the last week of gestation, but can occasionally occur in postpartum and pseudopregnant females.
  • Rapid intervention is required if the condition is not to become fatal.
  • A similar condition of metabolic ketoacidosis/hepatic lipidosis   Liver: disease   associated with anorexia is also seen in obese rabbits of both sexes.
Print out the Owner Factsheet Uterine problems to give to your client.

Presenting signs

  • Weakness.
  • Depression.
  • Anorexia   Anorexia  .
  • Neurological signs: incoordination, convulsions, coma.
  • Abortion.
  • Dyspnea   Dyspnea  .
  • Salivation.
  • Death.

Acute presentation

  • Sudden death, or death within a few hours of the onset of clinical signs.

Geographic incidence

  • No geographic incidence is reported, but a tendency for more cases to develop in the winter has been noted. Rabbits in colder climates/conditions with greater energy needs may be more susceptible.

Age predisposition

  • Adults.
  • Young does with first litter.

Sex predisposition

  • Females only.

Breed predisposition

  • Dutch, Polish and English breeds have an apparent predisposition.

Cost considerations

  • Treatment is generally inexpensive.
  • Diagnostic tests may be necessary and may include radiography, ultrasonography and blood tests, with associated cost implications.

 

Pathogenesis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Sequelae

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Harcourt-Brown F & Harcourt-Brown N (2001) Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth Heinemann. pp 261-262.
  • Percy D H & Barthold S W (2001) Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits. 2nd edn. Iowa State University Press. pp 300-301.
  • Paul-Murphy J (1997) Reproductive and Urogenital Disorders. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents. Eds: Hillyer and Quesenbery.  W B Saunders Co. pp 205.
  • Harkness J E & Wagner J E (1995) Metabolic Toxaemias of Pregnancy. In: The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents. 4th edn. Lea & Febiger. pp 302-303. 

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code