Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

One Health and exotic animals

Contributor(s): Michael Day, Vetstream Ltd, Claire Speight

What is One Health?

  • There is no single, universally accepted definition of ‘One Health’ or ‘One Medicine’, but the fundamental concept involves collaboration between human and veterinary medicine in preventative healthcare and disease control (particularly zoonotic infectious disease) for man and animals. 
  • More recently, there has been a focus on the ‘One Health Triad’ which links together the health of people and animals with the health of our shared environment. The concept is now evolving into ‘Planetary Health’, which further emphasizes the importance of the environmental element.

Is One Health a new idea?

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Are small companion animals well represented in One Health?

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The WSAVA One Health Committee

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The human-companion animal bond

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Comparative and translational clinical research

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Zoonotic infectious disease

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Almeida D C, Torres S M F, Wuenschmann A (2018) Retrospective analysis of necropsy reports suggestive of abuse in dogs and cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 252, 433 PubMed.
  • Garden O A, Volk S W, Mason N J, Perry J A (2018) Companion animals in comparative oncology: One Medicine in action. Vet J 240, 6-13 PubMed.
  • Gibbs E P J  (2018) Musings on the future direction of One Health, William Hunting and tuberculosis, while listening to blackbirds sing. Vet Rec July 2018, 57 PubMed.
  • Gibson A D, Mazeri S, Lohr F, Mayer D, Burdon Bailey J L, Wallace R M, Handel I G, Shervell K, Bronsvoort B M deC, Mellanby R J, Gamble L (2018) One million dog vaccinations recorded on mHealth innovation used to direct teams in numerous rabies control campaigns. PLoS One 13, e0200942 PubMed.
  • Bartges J, Kushner R F, Michel K E, Sallis R, Day M J (2017) One Health solutions to obesity in people and their pets. J Comp Pathol 156, 326-333 [open access] PubMed.
  • Bomberg E, Birch L, Endenburg N, German A J, Neilson J, Seligman H, Takashima G, Day M J (2017)  The financial costs, behaviour and psychology of obesity: a One Health analysis. J Comp Pathol, 156, 310-325 [open access] PubMed.
  • Chandler M, Cunningham S, Lund E M, Khanna C, Naramore R, Patel A, Day M J (2017)  Obesity and associated comorbidities in people and companion animals: a One Health perspective. J Comp Pathol 156, 296-309 [open access] PubMed.
  • Day M J (2017)  Introducing the WSAVA One Health Committee FAQs. Clinician’s BriefApril 2017, 19-20.
  • Day M J (2017)  One Health approach to preventing obesity in people and their pets. J Comp Pathol, 156, 293-295 [open access] PubMed.
  • Monsalve S, Ferreira F, Garcia R (2017) The connection between animal abuse and interpersonal violence: a review from the veterinary perspective. Res Vet Sci 114, 18-26 PubMed.
  • Saunders J, Parast L, Babey S H, Miles J V (2017) Exploring the differences between pet and non-pet owners: implications for human-animal interaction research and policy. PLoS One 12, e0179494 PubMed.
  • Wood L, Martin K, Christian H, Houghton S, Kawachi I, Vallesi S, McCune S (2017) Social capital and pet ownership - a tale of four cities. SSM Pop Health 3, 442-447 PubMed.
  • Day M J (2016)  Pet-related infections. Am Family Physician, 94, 794-802.
  • Day M J (2016)  The CALLISTO project: a summary. J Comp Pathol, 155, S1-S7 PubMed.
  • Gibson A D, Handel I G, Shervell K, Roux T, Mayer D et al (2016) The vaccination of 35,000 dogs in 20 working days using combined static point and door-to-door methods in Blantyre, Malawi. PLoS Neglect Trop Dis, 10, e0004824 PubMed.
  • Ehnert K, Lamielle G, Scott T, Beeler E, Tack D, Fielding J (2015) The healthy pets healthy families initiative as an example of one health in action. J Am Vet Med Assoc 247, 143-147 PubMed.
  • Gibson A D, Ohal P, Shervell K, Handel I G, Bronswoort B M, Mellanby R J, Gamble L (2015) Vaccinate-assess-move method of mass canine rabies vaccination utilising mobile technology data collection in Ranchi, India. BMC Infect Dis 15, 589 PubMed.
  • Hampson K, Coudeville L, Lembo T et al (2015) Estimating the global burden of endemic canine rabies. PLOS Neglect Trop Dis, April 16 PubMed.
  • Hodgson K, Barton L, Darling M, Antao V, Kim F A, Monavvari A (2015) Pets’ impact on your patients’ health: leveraging benefits and mitigating risk. J Am Board Fam Med 28, 526-534 PubMed.
  • Steele S G, Mor S M (2015) Client knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding zoonoses: a metropolitan experience. Aust Vet J, 93, 439-444 PubMed.
  • Day M J (2014) One Health: bringing together human and veterinary medicine. Eur J Comp Anim Pract 24, 74.
  • Del Rio Vilas V J, Maia-Elkoury A N S, Yadon Z E, Cosivi O, Sanchez-Vazquez M J (2014) Visceral leishmaniasis: a One Health approach. Vet Rec 175, 42-44 PubMed.
  • Morand S, McIntyre KM, Baylis M (2014) Domesticated animals and human infectious diseases of zoonotic origins: domestication time matters. Infect Genet Evol 24, 76-81 PubMed.
  • Takashima G K, Day M J (2014) Setting the One Health agenda and the human–companion animal bond. Int J Environ Res Public Health 11,11110-11120 PubMed.
  • Anon (2013) WSAVA and OIE call for action on rabies. Vet Rec, 173, 463-464 PubMed.
  • Alvar J, Velez I D, Bern C, Herrero M, Desjeux P, Cano J, Jannin J, den Boer M et al (2012) Leishmaniasis worldwide and global estimates of its incidence. PLoS One 7, e35671 PubMed.
  • Day M J, Breitschwerdt E, Cleaveland S et al (2012) Surveillance of zoonotic infectious disease transmitted by small companion animals. Emerg Inf Dis 18,12.
  • Day M J (2011) One Health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases. Parasit Vectors, 4, 49 PubMed.
  • Keeble, E. (2011) Encephalitozoonosis in pet rabbits - what we do and don’t know. In Pract 33, 426-435 VetMedResource.
  • Palatnik-de-Sousa C B, Day M J (2011) One Health: the global challenge of epidemic and endemic leishmaniosis. Parasit Vectors, 4, 197 PubMed.
  • Brown C (2010) Emerging diseases: the global express. VetPathol 47, 9-14.

Other sources of information

  • Janovitz E B, Fishman C, Zimmerman S & Thompson S (1998) Fatal Human Herpes Simplex Virus Encephalitis in a Domestic Rabbit. In: Summer 1998 Newsletter. Purdue University, College of Veterinary Medicine, USA. Website: www.addl.purdue.edu. Last accessed 22nd March 2019.


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