ISSN 2398-2969      

Notoedric mange

Clapis

Introduction

  • Notoedric mange is a rarely reported condition in the rabbit.
  • Cause: the burrowing mite Notoedres cati var. cuniculi.
  • Signs: intense pruritus with lesions on face, lips, nose, limbs and external genitalia.
  • Diagnosis: on skin scrapes, biopsies.
  • Treatment: ivermectin or doramectin administration.
  • Prognosis: good.

Presenting signs

  • Rabbits usually present with intense pruritus, and lesions around the nose, lips and face.
  • Dullness and depression may be associated in some cases.

Acute presentation

  • Lesions are initially seen on the nose and lips, before extending to involve the rest of the face and body.

Geographic incidence

  • Worldwide distribution.
  • More commonly reported in Africa and India.

Age predisposition

  • None proven, but it has been suggested that younger animals may be predisposed.

Public health considerations

  • Notoedric mange is potentially zoonotic and may cause a transient pruritic dermatitis in man.

Cost considerations

  • Inexpensive to treat in individual cases, but in a group situation, the costs of treating all in-contacts and disinfecting the environment may add up.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Ilic T, Stepanovic P, Nenadovic K & Dimitrijevic S (2018) Improving agricultural production of domestic rabbits in Serbia by follow-up study of their parasitic infections. Iran J Vet Res 19 (4), 290-297 PubMed.
  • Foley J, Serieys L E K, Stephenson N et al (2016) A synthetic review of notoedres species mites and mange. Parasitology 143 (14), 1847-1861 PubMed.
  • Panigrahi P N, Mohanty B N, Gupta A R, Patra R C & Dey S (2016) Concurrent infestation of Notoedres, Sarcoptic and Psoroptic acariosis in rabbit and its management. J Parasit Dis 40 (3), 1091-1093 PubMed.
  • Galdhar C N, Khangal P S, Pawar M L, Rasal T D & Disgraskar S U (2015) Clinico-biochemical and therapeutic studies on notoedric mange in pet rabbits. J Parasit Dis 39 (1), 113-116 PubMed.
  • Darzi M M, Mir M S, Shahardar R A et al (2007) Clinico-pathological, histochemical and therapeutic studies on concurrent sarcoptic and notoedric acariosis in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Veterinarski Arhiv 77 (2), 167-175 VetMedResource.
  • Vohra S, Rath S S & Singh J (2005) Comparative efficacy of doramectin and ivermectin in rabbit mange. J Vet Parasitol 19 (1), 47-49 VetMedResource.
  • Hughes J E (2004) Diagnosis and treatment of selected rabbit dermatologic disorders. Exotic DVM (6), 18-20 VetMedResource
  • Aulakh G S, Singh J & Singla L D (2003) Pathology and therapy of natural notoedric acariasis in rabbits. J Vet Parasitol 17, 127-129 ResearchGate.
  • White S D, Bourdeau P J, Meredith A (2002) Dermatological problems of rabbits. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med 11 (3), 141-150 ScienceDirect.
  • Jenkins J R (2001) Skin disorders of the rabbit. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract (2), 543-563 PubMed.
  • Ravindran R & Subramanian H (2000) Effect of seasonal and climatic variations on the prevalence of mite infestations in rabbits. Indian Vet J 77 (11), 991-992 VetMedResource
  • Chhabra S, Nauriyal D C, Khahra S S et al (1999) Efficacy of moxidectin in notodectic mange in rabbits. Indian J Vet Med 19 (2), 109-110 VetMedResource.
  • Isingla, L D, Juyal P D, Gupta P P (1996) Therapeutic trial of ivermectin against Notoedres cati var. cuniculi infection in rabbits. Parasite (1), 87-89 PubMed

Other sources of information

  • Varga M & Paterson S (2021) Dermatologic Diseases of Rabbits. In: Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery. 4th edn. Eds: Queensberry K E, Orcutt C J, Mans C & Carpenter J W. Elsevier, USA. pp 220-232.
  • Meredith A (2006) Dermatoses. In: Manual of Rabbit Medicine & Surgery. 2nd edn. BSAVA, UK. pp 131.
  • Paterson S (2006) Skin Diseases of Exotic Pets. Blackwell Publishing. pp 302.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) Skin Diseases. In: Textbook of Veterinary Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann, UK. pp 244.
  • Hofing F L & Kraus A L (1994) Arthropod and Helminth Parasites. In: The Biology of the Laboratory Rabbit. 2nd edn. Academic Press Inc, USA. pp 233-235.

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