Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Notoedric mange

Contributor(s): Anna Meredith, Joanna Hedley

Introduction

  • Notoedric mange is a rarely reported condition in the rabbit.
  • Cause: the burrowing mite Notoedres cativar. cuniculi.
  • Signs: intense pruritus with lesions on face, lips, nose and external genitalia.
  • Diagnosis: on skin scrapes, biopsies.
  • Treatment: ivermectin administration.
  • Prognosis: good.

Presenting signs

  • Rabbits usually present with intense pruritus, and lesions around the nose, lips and face.

Acute presentation

  • Lesions are initially seen on the nose and lips, before extending to involve the rest of the face.

Geographic incidence

  • Worldwide distribution, but rare in Europe and North America.
  • More commonly reported in Africa and India.

Age predisposition

  • None proven, but it has been suggested that younger animals may be predisposed.

Public health considerations

  • Notoedric mange is potentially zoonotic and may cause a transient pruritic dermatitis in man.

Cost considerations

  • Inexpensive to treat in individual cases, but in a group situation, the costs of treating all in-contacts and disinfecting the environment may add up.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Darzi M M, Mir M S, Shahardar R A & Pandit B A (2007)Clinico-pathological, histochemical and therapeutic studies on concurrent sarcoptic and notoedric acariosis in rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus). Veterinarski Arhiv77(2), 167-175.
  • Sukhdeep Vohra Rath S S & Singh J (2005)Comparative efficacy of doramectin and ivermectin in rabbit mange.  J Vet Parasitol19(1), 47-49.
  • Hughes J E (2004)Diagnosis and treatment of selected rabbit dermatologic disorders. Exotic DVM5(6), 18-20. 
  • Aulakh G S, Singh L D & Singla N (2003)Pathology and therapy of natural notoedric acariasis in rabbits. J Vet Parasitol17, 127-129.
  • White S D et al(2002)Dermatological problems of rabbits. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med11(3), 141-150.
  • Jenkins J R (2001)Skin disorders of the rabbit. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract4(2), 543-563.
  • Ravindran R & Subramanian H (2000)Effect of seasonal and climatic variations on the prevalence of mite infestations in rabbits. Indian Vet J77, 991-992. 
  • Sushma Chhabra Nauriyal D C, Khahra S S & Bhardwaj S D (1999)Efficacy of moxidectin in notodectic mange in rabbits.  Indian J Vet Med19(2), 109-110.
  • Isingla, L D, Juyal P D, Gupta P P (1996)Therapeutic trial of ivermectin against Notoedres cativar. cuniculiinfection in rabbits. Parasite3(1), 87-89. 

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2006)Dermatoses. In: Manual of Rabbit Medicine & Surgery. 2nd edn. BSAVA, Gloucester. pp 131.
  • Paterson S (2006)Skin diseases of Exotic Pets. Blackwell Publishing. pp 302.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002)Skin diseases. In: Textbook of Veterinary Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. pp 244.
  • Hofing F L & Kraus A L (1994)Arthropod and Helminth Parasites. In: The Biology of the Laboratory Rabbit. 2nd edn. Academic Press Inc, New York. pp 233-235.


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