Lapis ISSN 2398-2969
Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Anna Meredith, Ron Rees Davies, Molly Varga, Lesa Thompson
Anatomy of the reproductive tract
- Does have no uterine body, two separate uterine horns and two cervices opening into the vagina .
- The vagina is large and flaccid. The mesometrium (broad ligament) is a major site of fat deposition.
- The placenta is hemochorial.
- Bucks have two hairless (or sparsely haired) scrotal sacs positioned on either side of and cranial to the penis.
- There is no os penis.
- The inguinal canals remain open throughout life and the buck has the ability to consciously retract the testes into the abdomen.
- Testes descend by approximately 12 weeks of age and castration Castration can be carried out from this time.
- Cryptorchidism is reported in the rabbit and, as in other species, is associated with testicular neoplasia. True cryptorchid rabbits usually lack a scrotal sac on the affected side.
- Sexing of young rabbits can be difficult.
- In males the urogenital opening is round , whereas in the female the vulva is slit-like .
- The anogenital distance is greater in the male.
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- Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
- González-Mariscal G, Caba M, Martínez-Gómez M et al (2016) Mothers and offspring: the rabbit as a model system in the study of mammalian maternal behavior and sibling interactions. Hormone Behav 77, 30-41 PubMed.
Other sources of information
- Commercial Rabbit Production: Reference Book 50 (1983) 10th edn, 2nd impression. ADAS; MAFF; HMSO London.