Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Liver: hepatic lipidosis

Contributor(s): Anna Meredith, Livia Benato

Introduction

  • Cause: anorexia.
  • Signs: anorexia, lethargy, reduced fecal output.
  • Diagnosis: biochemistry, radiography, ultrasonography, liver biopsy, post mortem examination.
  • Treatment: supportive treatment - fluid therapy, assisted feeding, analgesia.
  • Prognosis: poor.

Presenting signs

  • Anorexia.
  • Obese animals that become ill.

Acute presentation

  • Depression.
  • Liver failure.
  • Convulsion.
  • Ataxia.
  • Death.

Age predisposition

  • Adults more than youngsters.

Sex predisposition

  • Pregnant and lactating rabbits that become anorexic.

Cost considerations

Special risks, eg anesthetic

  • Liver failure.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Zhang X G, Chen Y Z, Lei H et al (2003) Effects of tea polyphennols on hepatic lipase activity in rabbits with fatty liver. Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 11 (2), 77-79 PubMed.
  • Meredith A & Raiment L (2000) Liver disease in rabbits. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med (3), 146-152 ScienceDirect.

Other sources of information

  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) DigestiveDisorders. In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth & Heinemann. pp 249-291.
  • Jenkins J (2000) Rabbit and Ferret Liver and Gastrointestinal Testing. In: Laboratory Medicine: Avian and Exotic Pets. Ed: Fudge A. W B Saunders. pp 291-304.


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