ISSN 2398-2969      

Hypocalcemia

Clapis

Introduction

  • Cause: pregnancy toxemia, lactation, low dietary level of calcium and vitamin D, parathyroidectomy, unbalanced Ca:P.
  • Signs: dental disease, bone fracture and deformities, seizures.
  • Diagnosis: biochemistry, urinalysis, radiographs.
  • Treatment: address underlying causes, calcium supplement.
  • Prognosis: good.
  • Hypocalcemia can be a life-threatening condition.

Presenting signs

Acute presentation

Sex predisposition

  • Pregnant or lactating does.
  • Growing rabbits.
Print off the Owner Factsheet on Hypocalcaemia and hypercalcaemia to give to your clients.

 

Pathophysiology

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Eckermann-Ross C (2008) Hormonal regulation and calcium metabolism in the rabbit. Vet Clin Exot Anim 11 (1), 139-152 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (2007) The progressive syndrome of acquired dental disease in rabbits. J Exotic Pet Med 16 (3), 146-157 VetMedResource.
  • Redrobe S (2002) Calcium metabolism in rabbits. Seminars Avian Exotic Pet Med 11 (2), 94-101 ScienceDirect.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M & Baker S J (2001) Parathyroid hormone, haematological and biochemical parameters in relation to dental disease and husbandry in rabbits. J Small Anim Pract 42 (3), 130-136 PubMed.
  • Norris S A, Pettifor J M, Gray D A et al (2001) Calcium metabolism and bone mass in female rabbits during skeletal maturation: effects of dietary calcium intake. Bone 29 (1), 62-69 PubMed
  • Fairham J & Harcourt-Brown F (1999) Preliminary investigation of the vitamin D status of pet rabbits. Vet Rec 145 (16), 452-454 PubMed.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (1996) Calcium deficiency, diet and dental disease in pet rabbits. Vet Rec 139 (23), 567-571 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Harcourt-Brown F M (2014) Dental Disease. In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. 2nd edn Ed: Varga M. Butterworth-Heinemann, UK. pp 204-248.
  • Rosenthal K L (2006) Calcium Metabolism in Rabbits: What's New? In: Proc North America Veterinary Conference. pp 1764-1765.
  • Harcourt-Brown F M (2002) Clinical Pathology. In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth & Heinemann. pp 140-164.

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