Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Hip: luxation

Contributor(s): Joanna Hedley, Brendan Carmel

Introduction

  • Coxofemoral luxation in rabbits is usually traumatic in origin.

Presenting signs

  • Acute onset non-weight bearing hind limb lameness.
  • Signs of pain not always present (preservation reflex).

Cost considerations

Special risks, eg anesthetic

  • Success of closed reduction less than in other species.
  • Orthopedic surgery may involve prolonged general anesthetic   Anesthesia: general  with associated risks.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMedpublished during the last 12 months.
  • Capello V (2008)Femoral head and neck osteotomy in selected exotic mammal species. Exotic DVM10(1), 21-26.
  • Harcourt-Brown N (2004)Approach to selected orthopaedic disorders in rabbits. Exotic DVM6(2), 33-36.
  • Rich G A (2002)Rabbit orthopaedic surgeryVet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract5(1), 157-168.
  • Owiny J R et al(2001)Hip dysplasia in rabbits: association with nest box flooringComp Med51(1), 85-88.
  • LaBonde J (1997)Coxofemoral luxation in a Flemish giant rabbit. Exotic Pet Practice2(12), 93.
  • Papavasilou V A (1982)The fate of articular cartilage in traumatic dislocation of the hip. Clin Orthop171, 287PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Piermattei D L et al(2006)The Hip Joint.In: Handbook of Small Animal Orthopedics and Fracture Repair. Saunders Elsevier, Missouri. pp 461-475.
  • OMalley B (2005)Rabbits.In:Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of Exotic Species.Elseveir Saunders, Oxford. pp 173-195.
  • Holsworth I G & DeCamp C E (2003)Coxofemoral Luxation. In: Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 3rd edn. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 2002-2008.
  • Fossum T W et al(1997)Management of Joint Disease. In: Small Animal Surgery. Mosby, Missouri. pp 949-955.


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