Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Hip: luxation

Contributor(s): Joanna Hedley, Brendan Carmel

Introduction

  • Coxofemoral luxation in rabbits is usually traumatic in origin.

Presenting signs

  • Acute onset non-weight bearing hind limb lameness.
  • Signs of pain not always present (preservation reflex).

Cost considerations

Special risks, eg anesthetic

  • Success of closed reduction less than in other species.
  • Orthopedic surgery may involve prolonged general anesthetic   Anesthesia: general  with associated risks.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Capello V (2008) Femoral head and neck osteotomy in selected exotic mammal species. Exotic DVM 10 (1), 21-26 SemanticScholar.
  • Harcourt-Brown N (2004) Approach to selected orthopaedic disorders in rabbits. Exotic DVM (2), 33-36 VetMedResource.
  • Rich G A (2002) Rabbit orthopaedic surgery. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract (1), 157-168 PubMed.
  • Owiny J R, Vandewoude S, Painter J T et al (2001) Hip dysplasia in rabbits: association with nest box flooring. Comp Med 51 (1), 85-88 PubMed.
  • LaBonde J (1997) Coxofemoral luxation in a Flemish giant rabbit. Exotic Pet Practice (12), 93 VetMedResource.
  • Papavasilou V A (1982) The fate of articular cartilage in traumatic dislocation of the hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res (171), 287-9 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Piermattei D L et al (2006) The Hip Joint. In: Handbook of Small Animal Orthopedics and Fracture Repair. Saunders Elsevier, Missouri. pp 461-475.
  • OMalley B (2005) Rabbits. In:Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of Exotic Species. Elseveir Saunders, Oxford. pp 173-195.
  • Holsworth I G & DeCamp C E (2003) Coxofemoral Luxation. In: Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 3rd edn. Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 2002-2008.
  • Fossum T W et al (1997) Management of Joint Disease. In: Small Animal Surgery. Mosby, Missouri. pp 949-955.


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