Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Giardiasis

Contributor(s): Joanna Hedley, Livia Benato

Introduction

  • Giardiasis is a rarely reported condition in the rabbit.
  • CauseGiardia duodenalisis thought to make up part of the rabbits' normal intestinal flora, with clinical problems rarely reported.
  • Signs: varying degrees of diarrhea occasionally leading to death.
  • Diagnosis: detection of cysts or trophozoites on fecal examination.
  • Treatment: metronidazole administration and supportive care.
  • Prognosis: good with treatment or clinical signs may self-resolve.

Print off the Owner factsheet onFaecal testing  Faecal testing   to give to your clients.

Presenting signs

  • Rabbits may be asymptomatic or present with varying degrees of diarrhea and associated signs.
  • Outbreaks of catarrhal enteritis leading to death have been attributed to giardiasis.

Geographic incidence

  • Worldwide.

Age predisposition

  • None proven, but it has been suggested that younger animals may be predisposed.

Public health considerations

  • Potential for zoonotic infection although no reports of rabbit-human transmission.

Cost considerations

  • Inexpensive to treat.

Pathogenesis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Sequelae

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Pantchev N, Broglia A, Paoletti B et al (2014) Occurrence and molecular typing of Giardia isolates in pet rabbits, chinchillas, guinea pigs and ferrets collected in Europe during 2006-2012. Vet Rec 175 (1), 18 PubMed.
  • Coletti M (2001) Klebsiella pneumoniae infection in Italian rabbits. Vet Rec 149 (20), 626-627 PubMed
  • Johnson-Delaney C A (1996) Zoonotic parasites of selected exotic animals. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med (2), 115-124 INFONA. 
  • Morrisey J K (1996) Parasites of ferrets, rabbits and rodents. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med (2), 106-114 ScienceDirect.
  • Schimdt R E (1995) Protozoal diseases of rabbits and rodents. Semin Avian Exotic Pet Med (3), 126-130 ScienceDirect.
  • Connaughton D (1989) Giardiasis zoonosis or not? JAVMA 194 (4), 447-451 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Saunders R A & Davies R R (2005) Notes on Rabbit Internal Medicine. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. pp 20, 136.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) Biological Characteristics. In: Textbook of Veterinary Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. pp 12.
  • Olson M E & Buret M E (2001) Giardia and Giardiasis. In: Parasitic diseases of Wild Mammals. 2nd edn. Eds: Samuel W M et al Iowa State Press, Iowa. pp 399-416.
  • Patton S (2000) Rabbit and Ferret Parasite Testing. In: Laboratory Medicine: Avian and Exotic Pets. Ed: Fudge A M. W B Saunders Company, Philadelphia. pp 358-360.
  • Pakes S P (1974) Protozoal diseases. In: The Biology of the Laboratory Rabbit. Academic Press Inc, New York. pp 279.
  • Flynn R J (1973) Parasites of Laboratory Animals. The Iowa State University Press. pp 21.


ADDED