Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Gastrointestinal: enteric coronavirus infection

Contributor(s): Anna Meredith, Livia Benato

Introduction

  • Cause: coronavirus.
  • Signs: lethargy, diarrhea, acute death.
  • Diagnosis: presence of the virus in cecal content or fecal pellets by immunoelectron microscopy.
  • Treatment: supportive treatment.
  • Prognosis: guarded.

Presenting signs

  • Subclinical.
  • Watery diarrhea.
  • Distended abdomen.

Acute presentation

  • Acute death.

Age predisposition

  • Weaning rabbits between 3 and 8 weeks.
  • Adult rabbits can be positive showing clinical signs.

Cost considerations

  • Economic losses in rabbit production.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Sequelae

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lord B (2012) Gastrointestinal disease in rabbits 2. Intestinal diseases. In Practice 34 (3), 156-162 VetMedResource.
  • Descôteaux J P & Lussier G (1990) Experimental infection of young rabbits with a rabbit enteric coronavirus. Can J Vet Res 54 (4), 473-476 PubMed.
  • Descôteaux J P, Lussier G, Berthiaume L et al (1985) An enteric coronavirus of the rabbit; detection by immunoelectron microscopy and identification of structural polypeptides. Arch Virol 84 (3-4), 241-250 PubMed.
  • Lapierre J, Marsolais G, Pilon P et al (1980) Preliminary report on the observation of a coronavirus in the intestine of the laboratory rabbit. Can J Microbiol 26 (10), 1204-1208 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Vennen K M & Mitchell M A (2009) Rabbits. In: Manual of Exotic Pet Practice. Eds: Mitchell M A & Tully T N. Saunders, Elsevier. pp 375-405.
  • Harcourt-Brown F (2002) Digestive Disorders. In: Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth & Heinemann. pp 249-291.


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