Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Eye: ocular discharge - overview

Contributor(s): David L Williams, David Gould, Joanna Hedley, Vetstream Ltd, Vladimir Jekl

Introduction

  • Ocular discharge is a common presenting sign in the rabbit Eye: mucopurulent discharge Eye: dacryocystitis 05 - purulent discharge from nasolacrimal duct.
  • Ocular discharge may be seen due to inadequate tear drainage, or any ocular condition which causes irritation or pain.
  • Ocular discharge often has a different underlying etiology from that in other domestic species and attention should be paid to management of the predisposing factors, eg dental disease, as well as management of the presenting sign.
  • Common eye conditions of rabbits which may result in ocular discharge include:
Print off the Owner Factsheet on Ocular discharge to give to your clients.

Orbital disease

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Conjunctivitis and dacryocystitis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Corneal ulceration/keratitis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Intraocular disease

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bedard K M (2019) Ocular surface disease in rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 22 (1), 1-14 PubMed.
  • Gardhouse S, Sanchez-Migallon Guzman D, Paul-Murphy J et al (2017) Bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibilities from odontogenic abscesses in rabbits: 48 cases. Vet Rec 181 (20), 538 PubMed.
  • Riggs G G, Cissell D D, Arzi B et al (2017) Clinical application of cone beam computed tomography of the rabbit head: Part 2 - dental disease. Front Vet Sci 30, 4, 5 PubMed.
  • Summa N M, Brandão J (2017) Evidence-based advances in rabbit medicine. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 20 (3), 749-771 PubMed.
  • Capello V (2016) Surgical treatment of facial abscesses and facial surgery in pet rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 19 (3), 799-823 PubMed.
  • Florin M, Rusanen E, Haessig M et al (2009) Clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of dacryocystitis in rabbits: a retrospective study of 28 cases (2003-2007). Vet Ophthal 12 (6), 350-356 PubMed.
  • McPherson L, Newman S J, McLean N et al (2009) Intraocular sarcomas in two rabbits. J Vet Diagn Invest 21 (4), 547-551 PubMed.
  • Müller K, Fuchs W, Heblinksi N et al (2009) Encephalitis in a rabbit caused by human herpesvirus-1. JAVMA 235 (1), 66-69 PubMed.
  • Künzel F, Gruber A, Tichy A (2008) Clinical symptoms and diagnosis of encephalitozoonosis in pet rabbits. Vet Parasitol 151 (2-4), 115-124 PubMed.
  • Wagner F & Fehr M (2007) Common ophthalmic problems in pet rabbits. J Exotic Pet Med 16 (3), 158-167 VetMedResource.
  • Brown C (2006) Nasolacrimal duct lavage in rabbits. Lab Anim 35 (6), 22-24 PubMed.
  • Jeong M B, Kim N R, Yi N Y et al (2005) Spontaneous ophthalmic diseases in 586 New Zealand White rabbits. Exp Anim 54 (5), 395-403 PubMed.
  • Volopich S, Gruber A, Hassan J et al (2005) Malignant B-cell lymphoma of the Harders gland in a rabbit. Vet Ophthalmol 8 (4), 259-263 PubMed.
  • Wagner F, Beinecke A, Fehr M et al (2005) Recurrent bilateral exophthalmos associated with metastatic thymic carcinoma in a pet rabbit. JSAP 46 (8), 393-397 PubMed.
  • Felchle L M & Sigler R L (2002) Phacoemulsification for the management of Encephalitozoon cuniculi-induced phacoclastic uveitis in a rabbit. Vet Ophthalmol 5 (3), 211-215 PubMed.
  • O'Reilly A, McCowan C, Hardman C et al (2002) Taenia serialis causing exophthalmos in a pet rabbit. Vet Ophthalmol 5 (3), 227-230 PubMed.
  • Stanley R G & Kaswan R L (1994) Modification of the orbital rim and anchorage method for surgical replacement of the gland of the third eyelid in dogs. JAVMA 205 (10), 1412-1414 PubMed.
  • Morgan R V, Duddy J M, McClurg K(1993) Prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid in dogs - a retrospective study of 89 cases (1980-1990). JAAHA 29 (1), 56-60 AGRIS FAO.
  • Burling K, Murphy C J, de Silva Curiel J, Koblik P, Bellhorn R W (1991) Anatomy of the rabbit nasolacrimal duct and its clinical implications. Prog Vet and Comp Ophthalmol 1 (1), 33-40.

Other sources of information

  • Varga M (2014) Ophthalmic diseases. In: Textbook of rabbit medicine. 2nd edn. Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier, pp 350 - 366.
  • Williams D L (2012) The rabbit eye. In: Ophthalmology of exotic pets. Ed. Willam D. Blackwell Publishing, pp 15-55.


ADDED