Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Dystocia

Synonym(s): Difficult littering, Difficult kindling, Prolonged parturition

Contributor(s): Molly Varga, Susan Brown, Sharon Redrobe

Introduction

  • This condition is rare in the rabbit.
  • The young are usually produced within 30 min although parturition may uncommonly take several hours.
  • On rare occasions subsequent young may be born a day apart.

Presentation

Acute
  • Anorexia.
  • Collapse.
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Straining.
  • History of recent parturition.

Incidence

Geographic
  • None reported.
Morbidity
  • 100%.
Mortality
  • Up to 100% if not treated.
  • Death and mummification of fetuses possible; this condition may be clinically silent until/if secondary infection occurs as parturition is rarely initiated if the fetus(es) are dead.

Special risks

  • Often unresponsive to medical therapy. Does must be prepared properly for surgery including therapy to counteract shock. The risks of a caesarean section are therefore greatly increased.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Walter B, Poth T, Böhmer E et al (2010) Uterine disorders in 59 rabbits. Vet Rec 166 (8), 230-233 PubMed.
  • Beddow B A (1999) Ectopic pregnancy in a rabbit. Vet Rec 144 (22), 624 PubMed.
  • Harper P A, Ensley P K (1982) Mummified fetus associated with uterine rupture in a New Zealand white rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Lab Anim Sci 32 (5), 518-519 PubMed.
  • Sebesteny A (1972) A case of torsion of the uterus in a rabbit. Lab Anim (3), 357-358 PubMed.


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