Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Colibacillosis

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Virginia Garner-Richardson, Hannah Orr, Molly Varga

Introduction

  •  Escherichia coli  Escherichia coli  is not a normal component of the gastrointestinal system in rabbits <2 weeks of age.
  • In rabbits >2 weeks of age small amounts of E. coliare present in the cecum. The population of E. colirises in direct proportion to a falling fiber content of the diet.
  • Non-pathogenic E. colican be isolated from any rabbit >2 weeks of age, and culture of fecal samples should be interpreted with care.
  • Rabbit strains of E. colido not produce enterotoxins.
  • Colibacillosis may be associated with enteropathogenic strains of E. colithat are not normal gut commensals. However, diarrhea from any cause is often associated with an increase in the number of E. coli.
  • Colibacillosis is associated with an increased intestinal secretion and hypermotility.
  • Serotyping of rabbit E. coliis not yet available for the general practitioner.

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Cause

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lord B (2012) Gastrointestinal disease in rabbits 2. Intestinal diseases. In Pract 34 (3), 156-162 VetMedResource.
  • Hillyer E V (1994) Pet rabbits. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 24 (1), 25-65 PubMed.
  • Clipsham R C (1989) Medical care of the pet rabbit. Calif Vet 43 (5), 12-16.

Other sources of information

  • Richardson V (2000) Rabbits, Health, Husbandry and Disease. Blackwell Science Ltd.
  • Hillyer E V & Quesenberry K E (1997) Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents. Clinical Medicine and Surgery. W B Saunders, Philadelphia.
  • Harkness J E & Wagner J E (1989) The Biology and Medicine of Rabbits and Rodents. Lea and Febiger. Philadelphia.


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