Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Bladder: ultrasonographic examination

Contributor(s): Fraser McConnell, John Chitty

Introduction

Uses

  • Ultrasonography has been reported to have been helpful in the diagnosis of a number of diseases in the rabbit.

Advantages

  • Ultrasonography is a straightforward technique since most rabbits are easily restrained.
  • The potential for manual restraint has obvious advantages over radiography, for which sedation is usually required.

Disadvantages

  • Interpretation can be tricky, especially if the bladder is empty.

Technical problems

  • Probe footplates need to be small and high quality, high frequency probes are needed.

Decision taking
Criteria for choosing test

  • Investigation of bladder disease = hematuria, dysuria.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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