Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Anesthesia: monitoring - heart

Contributor(s): David Perpinan, Molly Varga

Introduction

  • Monitoring heart function is paramount in rabbit anesthesia.
  • Due to the high metabolic rate of rabbits, any cardiovascular problem during anesthesia may have very serious and rapid consequences for the patient.
  • Heart function should be monitored during the pre-anesthetic, anesthetic and post-anesthetic periods.
  • Different ways to monitor cardiovascular function include physical examination with auscultation (stethoscope) Heart: auscultation, electrocardiography Cardiovascular: ECG, doppler, pulse oximetry Anesthesia: monitoring - pulse oximetry and blood pressure Blood pressure measurement.

Physical examination with stethoscope

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Electrocardiography

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Doppler

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Blood pressure

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Barter L S & Epstein S E (2014) Comparison of Doppler, oscillometric, auricular and carotid arterial blood pressure measurements in isoflurane anesthetized New Zealand while rabbits. Vet Anaesthesia Analgesia 41 (4), 393-397 PubMed.
  • Lord B, Boswood A & Petrie A (2010) Electrocardiography of the normal domestic pet rabbit. Vet Rec 167, 961-965 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Orcutt C (2014) Cardiovascular disease. In: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine. Eds: Meredith A & Lord B. BSAVA, UK. pp 205-213.


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