Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Anesthesia: general

Synonym(s): General anesthesia

Contributor(s): Michelle Campbell-Ward, Lesa Longley, Lesa Thompson

Definition and indications

Definition

  • Anesthesia means without feeling or sensation; this includes absence of pain perception.

Indications

  • Examination, eg oral examination    Dental examination  , radiography, dental correction   Dentistry (clipping / filing)  , surgery, and other procedures, eg wound management   Wound: management  .
  • Most anesthetic agents are unlicensed in rabbits, and therefore informed owner consent should be obtained before their use.

Print off the Owner factsheetAll about anesthesia  All about anaesthesia  to give to your clients.

Relevant anatomy and physiology

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Pre-anesthetic preparation and premedication

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Induction of anesthesia

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Anesthetic maintenance and gaseous anesthesia

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Monitoring and peri-/post-anesthetic care

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Uzun M, Kiraz H A, Ovali M A et al (2015) The investigation of airway management capacity of v-gel and cobra-PLA in anaesthetised rabbits. Acta Cir Bras 30 (1), 80-86 PubMed.
  • Johnson D H (2010) Endoscopic intubation of exotic companion mammals. Vet Clin North Am Exotic Anim Pract 13 (2), 273-289 PubMed.
  • Grint N J, Smith H E & Senior J M (2008) Clinical evaluation of alfaxalone in cyclodectrin for the induction of anaesthesia in rabbits. Vet Rec 163 (13), 395-396 PubMed.
  • Kazakos G M, Anagnostou T, Savvas I et al (2007) Use of the largyngeal mask airway in rabbits: placement and efficacy. Lab Anim 36 (4), 29-34 PubMed.
  • Sikoski P, Young R W & Lockard M (2007) Comparison of heating devices for maintaining body temperature in anesthetized laboratory rabbitts (Oryctolagus cuniculus). J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci 46 (3), 61-63 PubMed.
  • Richardson C & Flecknell P (2006) Routine neutering of rabbits and rodents. In Pract 28 (2), 70-79 VetMedResource.
  • Bateman L, Ludders J W & Gleed R D et al (2005) Comparison between facemask and laryngeal mask airway in rabbits during isoflurane anesthesia. Vet Anaesth Analg 32 (5), 280-288 PubMed.
  • Henke J, Astner S, Brill T et al (2005) Comparative study of three intramuscular anesthetic combinations (medetomidine/ketamine, medetomidine/fentanyl/midazolam and xylazine/ketamine) in rabbits. Vet Anaesth Analg 32 (5), 261-270 PubMed.
  • Orr H E, Roughan J V & Flecknell P A (2005) Assessment of ketamine and medetomidine anesthesia in the domestic rabbit. Vet Anesth Analg 32 (5), 271-279 PubMed.
  • Difilippo S M, Norberg P J, Suson U D et al (2004) A comparison of xylazine and medetomidine in an anesthetic combination in New Zealand White rabbits. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 43 (1), 32-34 PubMed.
  • Flecknell P A, Roughan J V & Hedenqvist P (1999) Induction of anaesthesia with sevoflurane and isoflurane in the rabbit. Lab Anim 33 (1), 41-46 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Meredith A (2015) BSAVA Small Animal Formulary Part B: Exotic Pets. 9th edn. BSAVA. ISBN: 9053198284.
  • Varga M (2014) Textbook of Rabbit Medicine. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. ISBN: 0702049798.
  • Grint N (2013) Anesthesia. In: Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. BSAVA. pp 1-25. ISBN: 1905319414.
  • Johnson-Delaney C A & Harcourt-Brown F (2013) Analgesia and Postoperative Care. In: Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Eds: Harcourt-Brown F & Chitty J. BSAVA. pp 26-38. ISBN: 1905319414.
  • Lichtenberger M (2008) Anesthesia, analgesia and monitoring of the critical rabbit patient. In: Proc 51st BSAVA Annual Congress. pp 160-163.
  • Longley L A (2008) Rabbit Anesthesia. In: Anesthesia of Exotic Pets. Elsevier Saunders. pp 36-58. ISBN: 0702028885.
  • O'Malley B (2005) Clinical Anatomy and Physiology of Exotic Species: Structure and Function of Mammals, Birds, Reptiles and Amphibians. W B Saunders. ISBN: 0702027820.


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