Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Acupuncture

Contributor(s): Anna Meredith, Sarah Binns, Tim Couzens

Introduction

  • Believed to have originated in Tibet or India and considered to be one of the oldest therapies in the world - practised from as far back as 2000-3000 BC. It has been used in China for at least 3000 years.
  • Early acupuncture instruments were made from sharpened stone, bone or bamboo.
  • One of the main aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).
  • Useful to consider acupuncture (as with other aspects of TCM), within a holistic framework (in terms of its action and properties), as opposed to western medicine that tends to consider the body (and thus health and illness), as distinct individual components.
  • Use of acupuncture has been mainly confined to China. However, in recent years (since 1920), its use has gained in popularity in the west as a viable method of healing.
  • The use of acupuncture within a veterinary context has grown rapidly since the 1950s and it is now widely accepted as a form of treatment and therapy.

Concepts underlying acupuncture

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Scientific explanations of acupuncture

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Recommended points and location

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Recommended needles

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Common conditions amenable to acupuncture in rabbits

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Habacher G, Pittler M H & Ernst E (2006) Effectiveness of acupuncture in veterinary medicine: systematic review. J Vet Intern Med 20 (3), 480-488 PubMed.
  • Xie H & Ortiz-Umpierre C (2006) What acupuncture can and cannot treat. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 42 (4), 244-248 PubMed.
  • Chiu J H, Cheng H C, Tai C H et al (2001) Electroacupuncture-induced neural activation detected by use of manganese-enhanced functional magnetic resonance imaging in rabbits. Am J Vet Res 62 (2), 178-82 PubMed
  • Scott S (2001) Developments in veterinary acupuncture. Acupunct Med 19 (1), 27-31 PubMed.
  • Gaynor J S (2000) Acupuncture for management of pain. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 30 (4), 875-884 PubMed.
  • Mittleman E & Gaynor J S (2000) A brief overview of the analgesic and immunologic effects of acupuncture in domestic animals. JAVMA 217 (8), 1201-1205 PubMed
  • Ho M W, Knight D P (1998) The acupuncture system and the liquid crystalline collagen fibers of the connective tissues. Am J Chin Med 26 (3-4), 251-263 PubMed.
  • Bossut D F (1996) Veterinary clinical applications of acupuncture. J Altern Complement Med (1), 65-69 PubMed.
  • Takagi J, Sawada T & Yonehara N (1996) A possible involvement of monoaminergic and opioidergic systems in the analgesia induced by electro-acupuncture in rabbits. Jpn J Pharmacol 70 (1), 73-80 PubMed.
  • Yu C, Zhang K, Lu G et al (1994) Characteristics of acupuncture meridians and acupoints in animals. Rev Sci Tech 13 (3), 927-933 PubMed.
  • Janssens L A (1993) The role of acupuncture in analgesia. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 118 (Suppl 1), 11S-12S PubMed.
  • Altman S (1992) Techniques and instrumentation. Probl Vet Med (1), 66-87 PubMed
  • Altman S (1992) The incorporation of acupuncture into a small animal practice. Probl Vet Med (1), 223-233 PubMed.
  • Limehouse J B (1992) Oriental concepts of acupuncture. Probl Vet Med (1), 53-65 PubMed
  • Schoen A M (1992) Acupuncture for musculoskeletal disorders. Probl Vet Med (1), 88-97 PubMed

Other sources of information

  • Xie H & Preast V (2007) Xies Veterinary Acupuncture. Blackwell Publishing.
  • Lindley S & Cummings M (2006) Essentials of Western Veterinary Acupuncture. Blackwell Publishing.
  • Schoen A (2000) Veterinary Acupuncture. Ancient Art to Modern Medicine. 2nd edn. Mosby. 
  • Ernst E & White A (1999) Eds Acupuncture A Scientific Appraisal. Butterworth.
  • Filshie J & White A (1998) Eds Medical Acupuncture A Western Scientific Approach. Churchill Livingstone.
  • Schoen & Wynn (1997) Complementary and Alternative Veterinary Medicine. Mosby.
  • Schoen A (1994) Veterinary Acupuncture. Ancient Art to Modern Medicine. Mosby.


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