Lapis ISSN 2398-2969

Staphylococcus spp

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd, Susan Dawson, Molly Varga

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Family: Micrococcaceae.
  • Genus:Staphylococcus.

Etymology

  • Gk:Staphylo= grape;kokkos= granule.

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Many commensals on mucosal surfaces.
  • Can also survive on fomites.

Transmission

  • Endogenous infection.
  • Infection from environment.

Pathological effects

  • Pathogenicstaphylococciusually coagulase-positive; also produce range of other enzymes and toxins.
  • Suppurative infections on the skin, hematogenous spread to deeper tissues causing abscessation   Abscess   urinary tract infections   Cystitis  , mastitis   Mastitis   and otitis media/interna   Otitis media / interna  .

Other Host Effects

  • Potential for septicemia.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

  • Antibiotic resistance common; susceptibility testing helpful.

Control via environment

  • Associated with poor hygiene and overcrowding, so both of these issues should be addressed.

Vaccination

  • None available at this time.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Devriese L A, Hendrickx W, Godard C et al (1996) A new pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus type in commercial rabbits. Zentralbl Veterinarmed B 43 (5), 313-315 PubMed.
  • Timm K I (1988) Pruritus in rabbits, rodents, and ferrets. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 18 (5), 1077-1091 PubMed.
  • Millichamp N J & Collins B R (1986) Blepharoconjunctivitis associated with Staphylococcus aureus in a rabbit. JAVMA 189 (9), 1153-1154 PubMed.
  • Okerman L, Devriese L A, Maertens L et al (1984) Cutaneous staphylococcosis in rabbits. Vet Rec 114 (13), 313-315 PubMed.
  • Bjotvedt G & Geib L W (1981) Otitis media associated with Staphylococcus epidermis and Psoroptes cuniculi in a rabbit. Vet Med Small Anim Clin 76 (7), 1015-1016 PubMed.
  • Snyder S B, Fox J G, Campbell L H et al (1976) Disseminated staphylococcal disease in laboratory rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Lab Anim Sci 26 (1), 86-88 PubMed.
  • Bhambani B D (1966) A case report of conjunctivitis and dermonecrosis in rabbit due to Staphylococcus areus. Indian Vet J 43 (6), 555-558 PubMed.

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