ISSN 2398-2950      

Radiography: urethrography

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Barbara J Watrous


Introduction

  • Radiography following injection of contrast into urethra.
  • Allows visualization of urethra.

Uses

  • Investigation of dysuria.
  • Investigation of hematuria Hematuria of suspected lower urinary tract origin.
  • Investigation of urinary obstruction, eg urethral calculi.
  • Allows identification of patency of urethra Urethra: obstruction.
  • Assessment of presence of urethral disease.
  • Post-trauma, allows identification of urethal rupture  Urethra: rupture - retrograde urethrocystogram  Urethra: rupture.
  • Investigation of urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence.
  • May give information on bladder disease if unable to pass catheter due to urethral obstruction.
  • Investigation of prostatic disease.

Disadvantages

  • May not identify functional urethral obstructions, eg urethral spasm, reflex dyssynergia.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Johnston G R, Stevens J B, Jessen C R et al (1983) Complications of retrograde contrast urethrography in dogs and cats. Am J Vet Res 44 (7), 1248-1256 PubMed.
  • Johnston G R, Feeney D A & Osbourne C A (1982) Urethrography and cystography in cats 1. techniques, normal radiographic anatomy and artefacts. Comp Cont Ed Pract Vet 4, 823-836.
  • Barsanti J A, Crowell W, Losonsky J et al (1981) Complications of bladder distention during retrograde urethography. Am J Vet Res 42 (5), 819-821 PubMed.
  • Ackerman N (1980) Use of the pediatric Foley catheter for positive-contrast retrograde urethography. Mod Vet Pract 61 (8), 684-686 PubMed.

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