ISSN 2398-2950      

Ophthalmoscopy: direct

ffelis

Introduction

  • To examine the eye especially the fundus.
  • Instrument (direct ophthalmoscope) widely available in veterinary practice.

Uses

  • Examination of the eye, mainly the lens and posterior segment (vitreous, fundus, optic nerve head).
  • Part of the assessment of ocular function Eye: examination:
    • Dazzle reflex.
    • Pupillary light reflex.

Advantages

  • Widely available.
  • Cheap, portable instrument.
  • Gives an upright, highly magnified image x10-15.

Disadvantages

  • Gives a very narrow field of view.
  • Ocular opacity limits view.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Featherstone H J & Heinrich C (2013) Ophthalmic examination and diagnostics. In:Veterinary Ophthalmology. 5th edn.Wiley-Blackwell. pp 533-613.
  • Heinrich C (2014) The ocular examination. In: Gould D & McLellan G (eds) BSAVA Manual of Small Animal Ophthalmology. 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. 

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code