ISSN 2398-2950      

Laparotomy: flank

ffelis
Contributor(s):

Synonym(s): Celiotomy


Introduction

  • Access to abdominal cavity (infrequently in the USA).

Uses

  • Treatment of various lesions, eg kidney stones Urolithiasis, gastric FBs.
  • Investigation if other options unavailable or inconclusive.
  • Gastrotomy tube placement Gastrostomy: percutaneous tube (endoscopic).
  • Gastric decompression.
  • Ovariohysterectomy - unless possible coat color change at site may be unacceptable to owner, or large exposure indicated Ovariohysterectomy.
  • Adrenal surgery (primarily in the USA).
  • Kidney biopsy.

Advantages

  • Muscle splitting approach may reduce risk of dehiscence if tissue healing poor.
  • Good unilateral access to organs placed dorsally in the abdomen.

Disadvantages

  • Limited access to restricted areas.
  • Hair regrowth at site may be darker in color - this may be unacceptable to some owners, eg in show animals - ventral midline approach may be a suitable alternative.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

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