Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Gastrotomy

Contributor(s): Andrew Gardiner, Cheryl Hedlund

Introduction

  • Surgery to gain access to the stomach lumen.

Uses

  • Gastric foreign bodies Stomach: gastric foreign body removal is the most common indication - though this is a relatively rare occurrence in cats, which are normally discriminate eaters.
    Note that linear foreign bodies Intestine: linear foreign body removal are however relatively common in cats and may be anchored underneath the tongue.
  • To obtain gastric biopsies when an endoscope is not available or endoscopic biopsies would not be appropriate.
  • Exploration/treatment of gastric ulceration /neoplasia.
  • Removal of esophageal foreign body Esophagus: foreign body.

Advantages

  • Gastrotomy allows easy evaluation and palpation of the entire gastric mucosa.

Disadvantages

  • Gastrotomy is a major surgical procedure Enteroscopy.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Usually excellent in straight forward foreign body removal.
  • The stomach heals rapidly.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Felts J F, Fox P R & Burk R L (1984) Thread and sewing needles as gastrointestinal foreign bodies in the cat: a review of 64 cases. JAVMA 184 (1), 56-9 PubMed.


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