Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Esophagoscopy

Contributor(s): James Simpson, Kenneth Simpson

Introduction

  • Esophageal disease is rare in the cat but direct examination assists diagnosis.

Uses

  • Examination of the esophageal mucosal surface.
  • Collection of mucosal biopsy samples from the esophagus.
  • Detection Esophagus: foreign body - esophagoscopy and retrieval of foreign bodies Esophagus: foreign body from the esophagus.
  • Esophageal stricture dilatation Esophagus: stricture.
  • Detection/biopsy of esophageal masses.
  • Definitive diagnosis of esophagitis Esophagus: esophagitis - esophagoscopy .
  • Investigation of:
    • Retching.
    • Regurgitation Regurgitation.
    • Hypersalivation.
    • Anorexia.

Advantages

  • Non invasive technique requiring no surgical intervention.
  • Well tolerated by sick cats which would be unsuitable for esophagostomy .
  • Requires only light general anesthesia - rapid recovery.
  • Good visualization of the esophageal mucosa.
  • Follow up examination well tolerated and useful for to assessing response to treatment.

Disadvantages

  • Will not detect pathology lying under the mucosa.
  • Cannot carry out surgical correction compared with thoracotomy.
  • Expensive equipment.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kundrotas L W, Young G S, Lang K A et al (1995) Felinization of the esophagus. Gastrointest Endosc 42 (1), 37-40 PubMed.
  • Michels G M, Jones B D, Huss B T et al (1995) Endoscopic and surgical retrieval of fishhooks from the stomach and esophagus in dogs and cats - 75 cases (1977-1993). JAVMA 207 (9), 1194-1197 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Simpson J W (1996) Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Gastroenterology. Eds: D Thomas, J W Simpson, E J Hall. BSAVA, Cheltenham. pp 20.
  • Tams T R (1990) Small Animal Endoscopy. C V Mosby, St Louis.


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