Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Enteroscopy

Contributor(s): James Simpson, Kenneth Simpson

Introduction

Uses

Most difficult of all endoscopic procedures.
  • Examination of the intestinal mucosa.
  • Collection of intestinal biopsy samples.
  • Collection of duodenal aspirate for bacterial culture, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) detection.
  • Investigation of:
  • Weight loss.
  • Chronic diarrhea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Melena.

Advantages

  • Non-invasive technique requiring no surgical intervention.
  • Well tolerated by sick cats which would be unsuitable for laparotomy.
  • Requires only light general anesthesia   →   rapid recovery.
  • Good visualization of the alimentary mucosa.
  • Follow up examination well tolerated and useful for to assessing response to treatment.

Disadvantages

  • Will not detect pathology lying under the mucosa.
  • Not routinely possible to examine the distal jejunum and the ileum.
  • Cannot carry out surgical correction compared with laparotomy.
  • Expensive equipment.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Tams T R (1998) Small Animal Endoscopy. 2nd edn. C V Mosby, St Louis.
  • Simpson J W (1996) Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Gastroenterology. Eds: D Thomas, J W Simpson, E J Hall. BSAVA, Cheltenham. pp 20.
  • Brearley M, Cooper J E, Sullivan M (1991) A Color Atlas of Small Animal Endoscopy. Wolfe.


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