ISSN 2398-2950      

Endotracheal intubation

ffelis

Introduction

  • Placing a tube in the trachea:
    • Ensures that airways remain patent in unconscious animals.
    • Prevents inhalation of substances (blood, saliva, stomach contents, etc).
    • Allows administration of oxygen and anesthetic gases.
    • Allows closed anesthetic circuit with no atmospheric pollution.

Uses

  • Providing supplementary oxygen.
  • Manual ventilation of patient in respiratory failure.
  • Maintenance of anesthesia with volatile anesthetic.
  • Prevention of aspiration during:
  • High risk of vomiting or regurgitation:
    • Esophageal obstruction.
    • Ileus.
    • Unfasted patients.

Advantages

  • Safe if carried out correctly.
  • Simple and requires only equipment usually found in veterinary practice.
  • Effective.
  • Cheap.

Disadvantages

  • Risk of laryngospasm.

Requirements

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Preparation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Procedure

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Aftercare

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Prasse S A, Schrack J, Wenger S et al (2016) Clinical evaluation of the v-gel supraglottic airway device in comparison with a classical laryngeal mask and endotracheal intubation in cats during spontaneous and controlled mechanical ventilation. Vet Anaesth Analg 43 (1), 55-62 PubMed.
  • van Oostrum H, Krauss M W, Sap R (2013) A comparison between the v-gel supraglottic airway device and the cuffed endotracheal tube for airway management in spontaneouls breathing cats during isoflurane anesthesia. Vet Anaesth Analg 40 (3), 265-271 PubMed.
  • Hofmeister E H, Trim C M, Kley S et al (2007) Traumatic endotracheal intubation in the cat. Vet Anaesth Analg 34 (3), 213-216 PubMed.
  • Cassu R N, Luna S P, Teixeira Neto F J et al (2004) Evaluation of laryngeal mask as an alternative to endotracheal intubation in cats anesthetized under spontaneous or controlled ventilation. Vet Anaesth Analg 31 (3), 213-221 PubMed.
  • Mitchell S L, McCarthy R, Rudloff E et al (2000) Tracheal rupture associated with intubation in cats: 20 cases (1996-1998). JAVMA 216 (10), 1592-1595 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hughes L (2016) Breathing systems and ancillary equipment. In: BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Anaesthesia and Analgesia. 3rd edn. Duke-Novakovski T, De Vries M, Seymour C J. Chapter 5.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code