Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Caesarean section

Synonym(s): Cesarean section

Contributor(s): Zoe Halfacree, Rob Lofstedt

Introduction

  • Surgical management of dystocia.

Uses

Maternal dystocia

  • See Dystocia maternal Dystocia: maternal.
  • Prolonged gestation due to single fetus syndrome.
  • Partial primary uterine inertia which is unresponsive to medical management.
  • Secondary uterine inertia.
  • Unmanageable obstruction of birth canal, eg pelvic fracture.
  • Uterine anomaly, eg torsion, inguinal herniation of gravid uterus.

Fetal dystocia

  • See Dystocia fetal Dystocia: fetal.
  • Relative or absolute fetal oversize.
  • Irreduceable malpresentation or malposture.
  • Fetal death/putrefaction/mummification.
  • Signs of fetal distress in prolonged or difficult parturition.
  • Fetal deformity, eg fetal monster.

Elective

  • History of previous dystocia.
  • Predictable dystocia associated with breed type.

Advantages

  • Increased chance of live young following rapid removal of viable fetus/es.

Disadvantages

  • Care required to prevent fetal hypoxia.
  • Cost.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Skarda R T (1999) Anesthesia case of the month - dystocia, cesarean section and acupuncture resuscitation of newborn kittens. JAVMA 214 (1), 37-39 PubMed.
  • Greene S A (1995) Anesthetic considerations for surgery of the reproductive system. Semin Vet Med Surg Small Anim 10 (1), 2-7 PubMed.
  • Tranquilli W J (1992) Anesthesia for cesarean section in the cat. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 22 (2), 484-486 PubMed.
  • Gilroy B A, DeYoungD J (1986) Cesarean section - anesthetic management and surgical technique. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 16 (3), 483-494 PubMed.
  • Benson G J, Thurmon J C (1984) Anesthesia for cesarean section in the dog and cat. Mod Vet Pract 65 (1), 29-32 PubMed.
  • Dodman N H (1979) Anesthesia for cesarean section in the dog and cat - a review. JSAP 20 (8), 449-460 PubMed.


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