Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Artificial insemination

Synonym(s): AI

Contributor(s): Prof Gary England, Rob Lofstedt

Introduction

  • Insemination of queen with collected semen because male unavailable or unable to mate.
  • For cooled transported semen and frozen semen use.
  • Of limited practical use owing to limitations on semen collection technique Semen collection.

Uses

Fresh semen

Cooled semen

  • Male or female unable to travel for mating.

Frozen semen

  • Remote breeding, eg export.
  • Storage of semen for use at future date.

Advantages

Fresh semen

  • First estrus conception rates usually >90%.

Disadvantages

  • Limited by availability of semen sample - semen collection can be an arduous task.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

Fresh and cooled semen

  • Excellent.

Frozen

  • Little data but may be successful in some cases.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Jordan H L, Howard J, Barr M C et al (1998) Feline immunodeficiency virus is shed in semen from experimentally and naturally infected cats. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 14 (12), 1087-1092 PubMed.
  • Roth T L, Wolfe B A, Long J A et al (1997) Effects of equine chorionic gonadotrophin, human chorionic gonadotrophin, and laparoscopic artifical insemination on embryo, endocrine, and luteal characteristics in the domestic cat. Biol Reprod 57 (1), 165-171 PubMed.
  • Jordan H L, Howard J, Sellon R K et al (1996) Transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus in domestic cats via artificial insemination. J Virol 70 (11), 8224-8228 PubMed.
  • Watson P F, Glover T E (1993) Vaginal anatomy of the domestic cat (Felis catus) in relation to copulation and artificial insemination. J Reprod Fertil Suppl 47, 355-359 PubMed.
  • Goodrowe K L, Howard J G, Schmidt P M (1989) Reproductive biology of the domestic cat with special reference to endocrinology, sperm function and in-vitro fertilization. J Reprod Fertil Suppl 39, 73-90 PubMed.
  • [Multiple authors] (1989) Dog and cat reproduction, contraception and artificial insemination. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Canine and Feline Reproduction. Dublin, Ireland, July 1-2, 1988. J  Reprod Fertil Suppl 39, 1-323 PubMed.


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