Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Theophylline

Contributor(s): Elizabeth Rozanski, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

Name

  • Theophylline.

Class of drug

  • Methylxanthine.

Uses

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Indications

  • Useful as a bronchodilator and in the management of pulmonary edema.

Administration

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

Phenobarbital

Cimetidine

  • Plasma theophylline levels may be increased Cimetidine.

Diltiazem

  • Plasma theophylline levels may be increased Diltiazem.

Erythromycin

Verapamil

  • Plasma theophylline levels may be increased Verapamil.

Pancuronium

Phenytoin

  • Theophylline may decrease the effects Phenytoin.

Beta-adrenergic blockers, eg propranolol

Anesthetics

  • There is an increased risk of dysrhythmias if theophylline is administered with halothane Halothane.
  • There is an increased incidence of seizures with ketamine Ketamine.
  • Hyperesthesia seen in cats.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • BSAVA Small Animal Formulary. Ramsey I (2017) 9th edn. 

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