Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Potassium bromide

Contributor(s): Stephen Barr, Kyle Braund

Introduction

Name

  • Potassium bromide.

Class of drug

  • Anticonvulsant.

Description

Physical properties

  • White crystals.
  • Dissolves in water.

Uses

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Indications

  • Epilepsy   Epilepsy: idiopathic  , as an adjunct to phenobarbital   Phenobarbital  when this has not produced complete control of seizures.
  • In epileptic cats where there is evidence of pre-existing hepatic pathology or barbiturate toxicity.

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references fromPubMed.
  • Merton Boothe D (2002)Disposition and clinical use of bromide in cats.JAVMA221(8), 1131-1135 PubMed.
  • Podell M (1998)Antiepileptic drug therapy.Clin Tech Small Anim Pract.13(3), 185-192PubMed.
  • Podell M & Fenner W R (1993).Bromide therapy in refractory feline idiopathic epilepsy.JVIM.7, 318-327.
  • Trepanier L A (1995).Use of bromide as an anticonvulsant for dogs with epilepsy.JAVMA.207, 163-166.
  • March P A (2002)Pharmacokinetics and toxicity of bromide following high-dose oral potassium bromide administration in healthy beagles.J Vet Pharmacol Thera.25, 425-432.

Other sources of information

  • Based onSmall Animal Formulary.Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.
  • Plumb D C (1999)Veterinary Drug Handbook.3rd edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames. pp 82-85.

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