ISSN 2398-2950      

Pilocarpine

ffelis

Introduction

Name

  • Pilocarpine.

Class of drug

  • Direct-acting parasympathomimetic agent.

Uses

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Indications

  • Pharmacological testing for diagnosis of feline dysautonomia Dysautonomia.
  • Neurogenic keratoconjunctivitis sicca Eye: keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). Oral use has been reported to notably increase STT readings Schirmer tear test, but needed to be discontinued due to systemic side-effect of gastrointestinal disturbance (Sebbag et al, 2018).
  • Management of primary glaucoma Glaucoma. However, this drug is now rarely used for glaucoma in veterinary ophthalmology with the availability of more effective and better-tolerated medication.
  • Penetrates the cornea producing miosis within 15 min and is effective for 6-8 hours.

Administration

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Adverse Reactions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Sebbag L, Pesavento P A, Carrasco S E, Reilly C M, Maggs D J (2018) Feline dry eye syndrome of presumed neurogenic origin: a case report. JFMS Open Rep Jan 2;4(1) doi: 10.1177/2055116917746786 Full Article PubMed.
  • McLellan G J, Miller P E (2011) Feline glaucoma - a comprehensive review. Vet Ophthalmol 14 Suppl 1,15-29 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Stiles J (2013) Feline Ophthalmology. In: Veterinary Ophthalmology. T J Kern & K Gelatt (eds), 5th edn, Chapter 27, pp 1477-1558.
  • Based on Tennant B (1999) Small Animal Formulary. 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA. ISBN: 0 9052 1452 8.
  • Regnier A & Ward D (1999) Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics. In:Veterinary Ophthalmology 3rd edn. Ed: K N Gelatt. Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. ISBN: 0 6833 0076 8.
  • Plumb D (1999) Veterinary Drug Handbook. 3rd edn. Ames: Iowa State University Press. ISBN: 0 8138 2353 6.
MEMBER BENEFIT

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!