Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Nitrous oxide

Contributor(s): Kyle Braund

Introduction

Name

  • Nitrous oxide.

Class of drug

  • Inhalational anesthetic.

Uses

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Indications

  • Used with oxygen to carry volatile anesthetics for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia. At induction it accelerates the uptake of volatile anesthetics and speeds induction.
  • During maintenance it reduces the inspired concentration of volatile anesthetic required, lowering the adverse effects of the latter.
  • Recovery is more rapid due less volatile anesthetic being administered over a given time.

Administration

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Pharmocokinetics

Precautions

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Ilkiw JE (1999)Balanced anesthetic techniques in dogs and cats.Clin Tech Small Anim Pract.14(1), 27-37.
  • Hikasa Y, Yoshikai T, Takase K & Ogasawara S (1997)Comparisons of prolonged sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane anaesthesia combined with nitrous oxide in spontaneously breathing cats.Zentralbl Veterinarmed A.44(7), 427-442.

Other sources of information

  • Based onSmall Animal Formulary.Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.

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