ISSN 2398-2950      

Nitrofurantoin

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Contributor(s):

Vetstream Ltd


Introduction

Name

  • Nitrofurantoin.

Class of drug

  • Nitrofuran antibacterial.

Uses

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Indications

  • Treatment of urinary tract infections.
  • Nitrofurantoin has activity against many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

with other drugs

Probenecid

  • Decreases the renal excretion of nitrofurantoin and may increase its serum levels to toxic ranges.

Antimuscarinic drugs

  • The bioavailability of nitrofurantoin may be increased by antimuscarinic drugs as it delays gastric emptying time and increases absorption.

Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Based on Small Animal Formulary. Tennant, Bryn (1999) 3rd edn. Cheltenham: BSAVA.
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